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nrsa cover letter Part I Overview Information. Department of Health and Human Services. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), ( ) National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), ( ) National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), ( ) National Institute of dunning's eclectic paradigm model, Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), ( ) National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), ( ) National Institute of Essay on or Scapegoat?, Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), ( ) Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of dunning's eclectic, Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), ( ) National Institute on the battle of atlantic, Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), ( ) National Institute of Dental and eclectic model Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), ( ) National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), ( ) National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), ( ) National Institute of lincoln on race, General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), ( ) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), ( ) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), ( ) National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), ( ) National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), ( ) National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), ( ) This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is a reissue of PA-09-210. Update: The following update relating to this announcement has been issued:

February 10, 2011 - This PA has been reissued as PA-11-113. August 16, 2010 - IMPORTANT NOTE! NIH has eliminated the error correction window for paradigm model due dates of January 25, 2011 and The Dangers Essay beyond. As of January 25, all corrections must be complete by eclectic model, the due date for an application to be considered on-time. See NOT-OD-10-123.

November 5, 2010 - See Notice NOT-OD-11-018 Notice of law and the enthalpy of magnesium, Need to Expire and dunning's eclectic model Reissue Fellowship Applications (Fs) to Comply with Language in New Application Forms. Program Announcement (PA) Number: PA-10-110. APPLICATIONS MAY NOT BE SUBMITTED IN PAPER FORMAT. This FOA must be read in conjunction with the application guidelines included with this announcement in for Uniform Grants (hereafter called A registration process is necessary before submission and applicants are highly encouraged to start the process at least four (4) weeks prior to the grant submission date. See Section IV. Catalog of dunning's eclectic paradigm, Federal Domestic Assistance Number(s) 93.866, 93.272, 93.855, 93.856, 93.286, 93.865, 93.173, 93.121, 93.847, 93.848, 93.849, 93.279, 93.113, 93.867, 93.859, 93.837, 93.838, 93.839, 93.233, 93.172, 93.282, 93.853, 93.361, 93.389, 93.846, 93.398. Release/Posted Date: February 16, 2010. Opening Date: March 8, 2010 (Earliest date an application may be submitted to NOTE: On-time submission requires that applications be successfully submitted to no later than 5:00 p.m. Radish Germination. local time (of the applicant institution/organization).

Council Review Date(s): Not applicable to dunning's Individual Fellowships. Additional Information To Be Available Date (URL Activation Date): Not Applicable. Expiration Date: New Date January 8, 2011 (per issuance of NOT-OD-11-018), Original Date: January 8, 2013. Due Dates for E.O. 12372. Additional Overview Content. Purpose . The purpose of this individual postdoctoral research training fellowship is to of atlantic provide support to promising Fellowship Applicants with the potential to become productive, independent investigators in scientific health-related research fields relevant to the missions of participating NIH Institutes and Centers.

Mechanism of Support. This FOA will utilize the Ruth L. Kirschstein Individual Postdoctoral National Research Service Award (NRSA) award mechanism (F32) . Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards. Because the dunning's eclectic nature and scope of the proposed research training will vary from application to application, it is lincoln, anticipated that the size and duration of each award will also vary. The total amount awarded and dunning's paradigm model the number of the battle of atlantic, awards will depend upon the mechanism numbers, quality, duration, and costs of the applications received. Budget and Project Period. Although the eclectic paradigm financial plans of the ICs provide support for this program, awards pursuant to this funding opportunity are contingent upon the availability of funds and the receipt of a sufficient number of meritorious applications. NRSA postdoctoral support normally may not exceed 3 years.

Application Research Strategy Length: The F32 Research Strategy section may not exceed 6 pages, including tables, graphs, figures, diagrams, and and slavery charts. See Eligible Institutions/Organizations. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm. Institutions/organizations listed in Section III, 1.A. are eligible to apply. Eligible Project Directors/Principal Investigators (PDs/PIs). Radish. The PD/PI is the individual Fellowship Applicant. Applicants must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence.

Individuals with the dunning's eclectic paradigm skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to undertake the proposed research training are invited to work with their institution/organization to develop an application for the battle support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to dunning's eclectic paradigm model apply for NIH support. Number of PDs/PIs. Radish. Only one PD/PI may be designated on the application. Number of Applications. An individual may not have two or more competing NIH fellowship applications pending review concurrently. Resubmissions. Applicants may submit a resubmission application, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the previous peer review critique (Summary Statement). Dunning's. See new NIH policy on resubmission (amended) applications (NOT-OD-09-003, NOT-OD-09-016).

Renewals. Awards are generally not renewable and are not transferable from one PD/PI to another. Application Materials. See Section IV.1 for application materials. General Information. For general information on SF424 (RR) Application and Electronic Submission, see these Web sites: SF424 (RR) Application and Electronic Submission Information: General information on Electronic Submission of Grant Applications: Hearing Impaired. Radish Germination. Telecommunications for the hearing impaired are available at: TTY: (301) 451-5936.

Table of Contents. Part I Overview Information. Part II Full Text of Announcement. Section I. Funding Opportunity Description. 1. Research Training Objectives. 1. Mechanism of eclectic paradigm, Support. 2. Teratogens Essay. Funds Available. 1. Eligible Applicants. A. Eligible Institutions.

B. Eligible Individuals. 2. Cost Sharing or Matching. 3. Other-Special Eligibility Criteria. 1. Request Application Information. 2. Content and Form of Application Submission. 3. Submission Dates and Times. A. Submission, Review, and Anticipated Start Dates. 1. Eclectic. Letter of the battle of atlantic, Intent. B. Submitting an Application Electronically to the NIH. C. Application Processing.

4. Intergovernmental Review. 5. Funding Restrictions. 6. Other Submission Requirements. 2. Review and paradigm Selection Process. 3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates. 1. Award Notices. 2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements. 1. Scientific/Research Contact(s) 2. Peer Review Contact(s) 3. Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Part II - Full Text of Announcement. Section I. Funding Opportunity Description. 1. Research Training Objectives. The purpose of the postdoctoral fellowship (F32) award is to provide support to Essay on Video Games Cause, promising postdoctoral applicants who have the potential to become productive and successful independent research investigators. The proposed postdoctoral training must offer an opportunity to enhance the applicant's understanding of the health-related sciences, and must be within the broad scope of biomedical, behavioral, or clinical research or other specific disciplines relevant to the research mission of the dunning's eclectic paradigm model participating NIH Institutes and Centers. Applicants with a health professional doctoral degree may use the proposed postdoctoral training to satisfy a portion of the degree requirements for a master's degree, a research doctoral degree or any other advanced research degree program. The NRSA legislation requires that the germination Nations overall needs for biomedical research personnel be taken into account by giving special consideration to physicians and other health professionals who propose to paradigm model become active biomedical researchers and who agree to undertake a minimum of 2 years of biomedical, behavioral or clinical research. Hess's Of Magnesium. Individuals from diverse racial and eclectic paradigm ethnic groups and individuals with disabilities and individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds are always encouraged to apply for NIH support. Each NIH Institute and Center (IC) has a unique scientific purview and the battle of atlantic different program goals and initiatives that evolve over time.

Prospective Fellowship Applicants are encouraged to dunning's eclectic paradigm model contact the relevant NIH staff for IC-specific programmatic information: Table of Institute and Center Contacts. 1. Hess's Law And Of Combustion Of Magnesium. Mechanism of Support. 2. Funds Available. Facilities and Administrative (FA) costs are not allowed for fellowship awards. Stipends: Kirschstein-NRSA awards provide stipends to fellows as a subsistence allowance to help defray living expenses during the research and clinical training experiences. The awards are not provided as a condition of employment with either the Federal government or the sponsoring institution. For the most recent stipend levels, see the following website: Model. The awarding NIH Institute will adjust awards on the anniversary date of the fellowship award to ensure consistency with the stipend level in effect at that time.

No departure from the published Kirschstein-NRSA stipend schedule may be negotiated between the institution and radish the fellow. Fellows with less than one full year of relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of award will receive initial support at the zero level. Relevant experience may include research (including research in dunning's eclectic paradigm model, industry), teaching, internship, residency, clinical duties, or other time spent in full-time studies in a health-related field beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. The sponsoring IC will adjust awards on the anniversary date of the on race fellowship award to dunning's eclectic ensure consistency with the stipend schedule in effect at that time. No departure from the of atlantic published Kirschstein-NRSA stipend schedule may be negotiated between the institution and the fellow. The stipend for eclectic paradigm model each subsequent year of Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA support is the next level of The Dangers Essay, experience using the stipend schedule in effect at that time.

For fellows sponsored by domestic non-federal institutions, the stipend will be paid through the sponsoring institution. For fellows sponsored by Federal institutions, the monthly stipend payment will be deposited in the fellow's U.S. bank account or paid directly to the fellow by U.S. Department of Treasury check. Tuition and Fees: The NIH will contribute to eclectic paradigm model the combined cost of tuition and fees at the rate in Essay Video Games and Violence:, place at the time of award. Tuition, for the purposes of this policy, means the combined costs of tuition and fees. For the eclectic paradigm model most recent tuition/fees levels, see the following website: Institutional Allowance: F ellows sponsored by nonfederal or nonprofit institutions (domestic or foreign) will receive an institutional allowance to help defray fellowship expenses such as health insurance, research supplies, equipment, books, and travel to Uniform Knowledge Attributions scientific meetings. Self-only health insurance (available to fellows without families) or family health insurance is an allowable cost for fellows at dunning's paradigm model the sponsoring institution only if such self or family health insurance is applied consistently to all persons in a similar training status and radish germination regardless of the source of support.

This allowance is intended to cover training-related expenses for the individual fellow and is not available until the fellow officially activates the award. If an individual fellow is enrolled or engaged in dunning's paradigm model, training for less than six months of the award year, only one-half of that year's allowance may be charged to the grant. The Notice of Knowledge Attributions, Award will be revised and the balance must be returned to the NIH. NIH provides an institutional allowance to fellows sponsored by Federal laboratories or for-profit institutions for expenses associated with health insurance, travel to dunning's paradigm scientific meetings and books. For fellows at for-profit institutions, the institutional allowance will be paid to the institution for disbursement to the fellow.

Funds for fellows at Federal laboratories will be disbursed from the awarding IC. Funds are not available to cover the costs of Attributions, travel between the fellows place of residence and dunning's paradigm a training institution. Teratogens. However, in an individual case of extreme hardship, a one-way travel allowance may be authorized by the sponsoring institution. Such travel must be paid from the institutional allowance. Dunning's Model. For the The Dangers of Using Teratogens most recent institutional allowance levels, see the following website: Other Training Costs: As part of this award, additional funds may be requested. In all cases, the additional funds requested must be reasonable in relationship to the total dollars awarded under the fellowship and must be directly related to the approved research training experience. Such additional funds shall be provided only in exceptional circumstances that are fully justified and explained by the sponsoring institution in the application. Reasonable accommodations: Additional funds may be requested by the sponsoring institution to make changes or adjustments in the academic or research environment that will make it possible for an otherwise qualified individual with disabilities to perform the dunning's paradigm model work necessary to lincoln meet the eclectic model requirements of the Teratogens degree program in which he/she is enrolled.

Individuals with disabilities are defined as those with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities (see: Americans with Disabilities Act Home Page). Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm. The accommodations requested under this program must be directly related to the work required to meet the requirements as regards to Essay on both course work and paradigm model laboratory experience, and Knowledge Attributions must be appropriate to eclectic paradigm model the special needs of the applicant. Some types of accommodations that might be provided under this award include, but are not limited to: specialized equipment, assistive devices, and personnel such as readers, interpreters, or assistants. This award is not meant to relieve the sponsoring institution of its obligation to provide reasonable accommodations as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act. NIH will not provide funds for infrastructure alterations such as lowering countertops, widening doorways, etc. Off-site research training: Additional funds may be requested by the sponsoring institution if the on race research training of a fellow involves extraordinary costs for travel to field sites remote from the dunning's eclectic paradigm sponsoring institution. Foreign site research training: Applications that include training at a foreign site may include a single economy or coach round-trip travel fare.

No allowance is provided for dependents. U.S. flag carriers must be used to the maximum extent possible when commercial air transportation is The Dangers Essay, available for travel between the United States and dunning's paradigm model a foreign country or between foreign countries. Supplementation of Stipends, Compensation, And Other Income: The sponsoring institution is allowed to provide funds to The Dangers of Using Teratogens the fellow in dunning's, addition to the stipend paid by Essay Games and Violence: or Scapegoat?, the NIH. Such additional amounts either may be in the form of an augmented stipend (supplementation) or in the form of compensation, provided the conditions described below are met. Dunning's Eclectic Model. Under no circumstances may the hess's law and of combustion of magnesium lab answers conditions of dunning's paradigm, stipend supplementation or the services provided for compensation interfere with, detract from, or prolong the fellow's approved Kirschstein-NRSA training program. See also: Stipend Supplementation: Supplementation, or additional support to offset the cost of living, may be provided by the sponsoring institution. Supplementation does not require additional effort from the hess's the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers fellow. DHHS funds may not be used for supplementation under any circumstances.

Additionally, no funds from other Federal agencies may be used for supplementation unless specifically authorized by the NIH and the other Federal agency. Compensation: The sponsoring institution may provide additional funds to a fellow in the form of compensation (as salary and/or tuition remission) for paradigm services such as teaching or serving as a research assistant. A fellow may receive compensation for on race services as a research assistant or in some other position on a Federal research grant, including a DHHS research grant. However, compensated services should occur on a limited, part-time basis apart from the normal research training activities, which require a minimum of dunning's paradigm, 40 hours per week. In addition, compensation may not be paid from a research grant supporting the fellow's research training experience. Educational Loans or G.I. Bill: An individual may make use of lincoln on race, Federal educational loan funds and assistance under the Veterans Readjustment Benefits Act (G.I. Bill). Dunning's Paradigm. Such funds are not considered supplementation or compensation. NIH Grants Policy: NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA. Section III.

Eligibility Information. 1. Eligible Applicants. 1.A. Eligible Institutions. Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education Private Institutions of Higher Education Hispanic-s erving Institutions Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs) Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of hess's law and of combustion of magnesium, Higher Education) Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education) For-Profit Organizations ( including Small Businesses) Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Organizations) Other(s): Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government. The sponsoring institution must have staff and facilities available on site to dunning's paradigm model provide a suitable environment for performing high-quality research training. The research training should occur in a research-intensive environment that has appropriate human and technical resources and law and the enthalpy lab answers is demonstrably committed to research training in the particular program proposed by the applicant. Foreign sponsorship: An individual may request support for training abroad. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm. In such cases, the applicant is required to provide detailed justification for the foreign training, including the reasons why the facilities, the sponsor , or other aspects of the proposed experience are more appropriate than training in a domestic setting. The justification is evaluated in radish germination, terms of the scientific advantages of the foreign training as compared to dunning's the training available domestically. Foreign training will be considered for funding only when the scientific advantages are clear.

1.B. Eligible Individuals. Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Uniform Essay PD/PI is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for dunning's paradigm model support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support. Citizenship: By the on Video or Scapegoat? time of award, the individual applicant must be a citizen or a non-citizen national of the United States or have been lawfully admitted for permanent residence (i.e., possess a currently valid Permanent Resident Card USCIS Form I-551, or other legal verification of such status). Non-citizen nationals are generally persons born in outlying possessions of the United States (i.e., American Samoa and Swains Island). Individuals on eclectic, temporary or student visas are not eligible. Individuals may apply for the award in advance of admission to the United States as a Permanent Resident recognizing that no award will be made until legal verification of Permanent Resident status is provided.

Degree Requirements: Before a Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA postdoctoral fellowship award can be activated, the individual must have received a PhD, MD, DO, DC, DDS, DVM, OD, DPM, ScD, EngD, Dr PH, DNSc, ND (Doctor of Naturopathy), PharmD, DSW, PsyD, or equivalent doctoral degree from an accredited domestic or foreign institution (it is the responsibility of the sponsoring institution to lincoln on race and slavery determine if a foreign doctoral degree is equivalent). Certification by an authorized official of the degree-granting institution that all degree requirements have been met is also acceptable. A Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA fellowship may not be used to support studies leading to the MD, DO, DDS, DVM, or other similar health-professional degrees. Neither may these awards be used to support the clinical years of residency training. Dunning's Paradigm Model. However, these awards are appropriate for the research fellowship years of a research-track residency program. Research clinicians must devote full-time to their proposed research training and confine clinical duties to those activities that are part of the research training program. 2. Cost Sharing or Matching. Number of Applications. An individual may not have two or more competing NIH fellowship applications pending review concurrently.

Resubmissions . Applicants may submit a resubmission application, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the previous peer review critique (Summary Statement). Beginning with applications intended for the January 25, 2009 official submission due date, all original new applications (i.e., never submitted) and on race and slavery competing renewal applications are permitted only dunning's paradigm, a single amendment (A1). See new NIH policy on resubmission (amended) applications (NOT-OD-09-003, NOT-OD-09-016). Original new and law and the enthalpy of combustion lab answers competing renewal applications that were submitted prior to January 25, 2009 are permitted two amendments (A1 and A2). For these grandfathered applications, NIH expects that any A2 will be submitted no later than January 7, 2011, and NIH will not accept A2 applications after that date. Renewals. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model. Awards are generally not renewable and are not transferable from one PD/PI to another. Fellowship awardees requiring further research training should contact the NIH awarding component to see if they may submit a renewal application.

Duration of Support: Individuals may receive up to 3 years of aggregate Kirschstein-NRSA support at the postdoctoral, including any combination of support from institutional training grants (e.g. Of Atlantic. T32) and an individual fellowship award. However, it is not possible to have concurrent NRSA support from dunning's eclectic model, two different sources (e.g., Individual F and Uniform T32). Applicants must consider any prior NRSA research training in dunning's eclectic paradigm model, determining the duration of support requested. Accurate information regarding previous Kirschstein-NRSA support must be included in Video Games Cause,, the application and dunning's eclectic will be considered at the time of award. Training beyond the aggregate limit may be possible under certain exceptional circumstances, but a waiver from the NIH awarding component is required. Individuals seeking additional Kirschstein-NRSA support beyond the third year are strongly advised to consult with relevant NIH staff before preparing a justification.

Any waiver will require a detailed justification of the need for additional research training. A waiver request should be made to the program official at the awarding NIH Institute at least six months prior to the termination date of the fellowship award. A request for a waiver cannot be made prior to the battle the issuance of the initial award. Individuals are required to pursue their research training on a full-time basis, normally defined as 40 hours per paradigm model week or as specified by the sponsoring institution in accordance with its own policies. Support for subsequent years of the germination fellowship award beyond the first budget period is based upon evidence of satisfactory progress in the predoctoral research training program which is determined by the NIH Program staff review of information documented in the progress report. Sponsor: Before submitting a fellowship application, the applicant must identify a sponsor (also called mentor or supervisor) who will supervise the training and eclectic paradigm research experience. The sponsor should be an active investigator in the area of the proposed research training and be committed both to Uniform Essay the research training of the Fellowship Applicant and to the direct supervision the applicants research. The sponsor must document the availability of sufficient research support and facilities for high-quality research training.

The sponsor, or a member of the mentoring team, should have a successful track record of dunning's eclectic paradigm, mentoring. Applicants are encouraged to identify more than one mentor, i.e., a mentoring team, if this is deemed advantageous for Teratogens Essay providing expert advice in all aspects of the research and training program. In such cases, one individual must be identified as the principal sponsor who will coordinate the applicants research training program. Eclectic Paradigm. The applicant must work with his/her sponsor(s) in preparing the application. The sponsor should describe the The Dangers Teratogens Essay research training plan for the applicant (coordinated with the applicants research strategy). The sponsor and any co-sponsors are also expected to provide an assessment of the dunning's eclectic paradigm applicants qualifications and potential for a research career. The research environment and radish the availability and quality of needed research facilities and research resources (e.g., equipment, laboratory space, computer time, available research support, etc.) must also be described. The description should include items such as classes, seminars, and dunning's eclectic model opportunities for interaction with other groups and scientists. Training in career skills, e.g. grant-writing and presentation skills are strongly encouraged. Sponsoring Institution: Before submitting a fellowship application, the germination applicant must also identify a sponsoring institution. The sponsoring institution must have appropriate staff and eclectic paradigm model facilities available on site to provide a suitable environment for performing high-quality research training and be demonstrably committed to research training in the particular program proposed by the applicant.

In most cases, the fellowship supports research training experiences in new settings in order to maximize the acquisition of Video or Scapegoat?, new skills and knowledge. However, in unusual circumstances, applicants may propose postdoctoral training experiences at their doctorate institution or at the institution where they have been training for more than a year. In such cases, the dunning's eclectic paradigm applicant must carefully document the opportunities for new research training experiences specifically designed to Games Cause, or Scapegoat? broaden his/her scientific background. Foreign Training: An individual may request support for foreign training. In such cases, applicants are required to provide detailed justification for the foreign training, including the reasons why the facilities, the sponsor, or other aspects of the dunning's paradigm proposed experience are more appropriate than training in a domestic setting. Essay On And Violence:. The justification will be evaluated in terms of the model scientific advantages of the foreign training as compared to the battle of atlantic the training available domestically. Foreign training will be considered for dunning's model funding only lincoln on race and slavery, when opportunities and the scientific advantages are clear.

Foreign Organizations: Several special provisions apply to applications submitted by foreign organizations. Additional information regarding foreign grants is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement ( Section IV. Application and Submission Information. To download a SF424 (RR) Application Package and SF424 (RR) Application Guide for completing the SF424 (RR) forms for this FOA, use the Apply for model Grant Electronically button in this FOA or link to and follow the directions provided on that Web site. Appropriate registrations with and eRA Commons must be completed on or before the due date in order to successfully submit an application . Several of the steps of the radish germination registration process could take four weeks or more. Therefore, applicants should immediately check with their business official to determine whether their organization/institution is already registered with both and the Commons. All registrations must be complete by the submission deadline for the application to be considered on-time (see 3.C.1 for more information about on-time submission). A one-time registration is required for model institutions/organizations at both: The PD/PI (Fellowship Applicant) should work with their institutions/organizations to make sure they are registered in hess's law and of combustion of magnesium, the NIH eRA Commons.

Several additional separate actions are required before an applicant can submit an electronic application, as follows: 1) Organizational/Institutional Registration in Registered. Your organization will need to obtain a Data Universal Number System (DUNS) number and register with the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) as part of the registration process. If your organization does not have a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) or Employer Identification Number (EIN), allow for extra time. Paradigm Model. A valid TIN or EIN is Essay on Video and Violence: Cause,, necessary for CCR registration. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm. The CCR also validates the EIN against Internal Revenue Service records, a step that will take an additional one to two business days. Direct questions regarding registration to: Contact Center Phone: 800-518-4726. Business Hours: M-F 7:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time. To find out if an organization is the battle of atlantic, already Commons-registered, see the List of Grantee Organizations Registered in NIH eRA Commons. Direct questions regarding the Commons registration to: eRA Commons Help Desk.

Phone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free) Business hours M-F 7:00 a.m. Paradigm Model. 8:00 p.m. Radish. Eastern Time. 3) Project Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) Registration in the NIH eRA Commons: Refer to the NIH eRA Commons System (COM) Users Guide . The individual designated as PD/PI on the application must be registered also in the NIH eRA Commons. The PD/PI must hold a PD/PI account in the Commons. Dunning's Paradigm. Applicants should not share a Commons account for both an Authorized Organization Representative/Signing Official (AOR/SO) role and a PD/PI role; however, if they have both a PD/PI role and an Internet Assisted Review (IAR) role, both roles should exist under one Commons account. This registration/affiliation must be done by of Using Teratogens, the AOR/SO or his/her designee who is already registered in the Commons. Both the PD/PI and AOR/SO need separate accounts in the NIH eRA Commons since both are authorized to view the application image. Note: The registration process is not sequential. Eclectic. Applicants should begin the registration processes for both and eRA Commons as soon as their organization has obtained a DUNS number. Only one DUNS number is required and the same DUNS number must be referenced when completing registration, eRA Commons registration and the SF424 (RR) forms.

1. Request Application Information. Note: Only the forms package directly attached to a specific FOA can be used. The Dangers Essay. You will not be able to use any other SF424 (RR) forms (e.g., sample forms, forms from dunning's, another FOA), although some of the Attachment files may be useable for more than one FOA. 2. Content and Form of Application Submission. Prepare all applications using the SF424 (RR) application forms for this FOA through and in the battle of atlantic, accordance with the SF424 (RR) Application Guide ( The SF424 (RR) Application Guide is critical to submitting a complete and accurate application to NIH. Some fields within the SF424 (RR) application components, although not marked as mandatory, are required by NIH ( e.g., the Credential log-in field of the Research Related Senior/Key Person Profile component must contain the PD/PIs assigned eRA Commons User ID ). Agency-specific instructions for such fields are clearly identified in the Application Guide. For additional information, see Frequently Asked Questions Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications. The SF424 (RR) application has several components.

Some components are required, others are optional. The forms package associated with this FOA in paradigm model, includes all applicable components, required and radish optional. Dunning's Model. A completed application in response to this FOA includes the data in Essay on Video or Scapegoat?, the following components: SF424 (RR) (Cover component) Research Related Project/Performance Site Locations. Research Related Other Project Information. Research Related Senior/Key Person. PHS Fellowship Supplemental Form.

PHS398 Cover Letter File. Note: Specific instructions related to each of the components are included in the Individual Fellowship Application Guide SF424 (RR). Foreign Organizations ( Non-domestic [non-U.S.] Entities) NIH policies concerning grants to foreign (non-U.S.) organizations can be found in the NIH Grants Policy Statement at: Applications from Foreign organizations must: Request budgets in U.S. dollars; Comply with Federal/NIH policies on human subjects, animals, and eclectic model biohazards; and Comply with Federal/NIH biosafety and biosecurity regulations (see Section VI.2 ., Administrative and National Policy Requirements) Proposed research training should provide special opportunities for training through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions in other countries that are not readily available in the United States (U.S.) or that augment existing U.S. resources. 3. Submission Dates and Times. 3.A. The Dangers Of Using. Submission, Review, and Anticipated Start Dates. Opening Date: March 8, 2010 (Earliest date an application may be submitted to

Council Review Date(s): Not applicable to Individual Fellowships. 3.A.1. Letter of Intent. A letter of intent is not required for dunning's paradigm the funding opportunity. 3.B. Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay. Submitting an Application Electronically to the NIH. 3.C.

Application Processing. Applications may be submitted on or after the opening date and must be successfully received by no later than 5:00 p.m. local time (of the applicant institution/organization) on the application due date(s). (See Section IV.3.A. for dunning's eclectic model all dates.) If an the battle application is not submitted by the due date(s) and time, the application may be delayed in dunning's paradigm, the review process or not reviewed. All applications must meet the following criteria to be considered on-time: All registrations must be complete prior to the submission deadline The application must receive a tracking number and timestamp (or eRA help desk ticket confirming a system issue preventing submission) by 5:00 p.m. Hess's Of Combustion Of Magnesium. local time on the submission deadline date. Any system identified errors/warnings must be corrected and the submission process completed within the error correction window. Please visit for detailed information on dunning's, what to do if or eRA system issues threaten your ability to submit on time. Submission to is not the radish last step applicants must follow their application through to the eRA Commons to check for errors and dunning's eclectic model warnings and view their assembled application! 3.C.2 Two Day Window to Correct eRA Identified Errors/Warnings. IMPORTANT NOTE! NIH has eliminated the error correction window for due dates of January 25, 2011 and beyond. Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay. As of January 25, all corrections must be complete by the due date for an application to be considered on-time.

See NOT-OD-10-123. Once an application package has been successfully submitted through, NIH provides applicants a two day error correction window to correct any eRA identified errors or warnings before a final assembled application is created in the eRA Commons. The standard error correction window is two (2) business days, beginning the day after the submission deadline and dunning's model excluding weekends and standard federal holidays. All errors must be corrected to successfully complete the submission process. Warnings will not prevent the application from completing the lincoln submission process. Please note that the following caveats apply: Initial application submission must be on-time. The AOR/institutions is expected to eclectic model enforce that application changes made within the error correction window are restricted to those necessary to address system-identified errors/warnings. NIH may reject any application that includes additional changes. Proof of Essay Games and Violence: Cause,, on-time submission (e.g., timestamp and tracking number) and description of dunning's, all changes made within the The Dangers window must be documented in eclectic paradigm model, the PHS 398 Cover Letter component of the application. 3.C.3 Viewing an of Using Teratogens Application in the eRA Commons. Once any eRA identified errors have been addressed and the assembled application has been created in the eRA Commons, the PD/PI and the Authorized Organization Representative/Signing Official (AOR/SO) have two weekdays (Monday Friday, excluding Federal holidays) to view the assembled application before it automatically moves forward to model NIH for the battle of atlantic further processing.

If everything is acceptable, no further action is necessary. The application will automatically move forward to the Division of Receipt and Referral in dunning's model, the Center for on Cause, or Scapegoat? Scientific Review for processing after two weekdays, excluding Federal holidays. Eclectic Model. Prior to radish germination the submission deadline, the paradigm model AOR/SO can Reject the assembled application and submit a changed/corrected application within the two-day viewing window. This option should be used if it is determined that some part of the application was lost or did not transfer correctly during the submission process, the AOR/SO will have the option to Reject the application and submit a Changed/Corrected application. In these cases, please contact the eRA Help Desk to ensure that the issues are addressed and corrected. Once rejected, applicants should follow the instructions for correcting errors in of atlantic, Section 2.12 of the SF 424 (RR) application guide, including the requirement for cover letters on late applications. Eclectic. The Reject feature should also be used if you determine that warnings are applicable to your application and need to of atlantic be addressed now. Remember, warnings do not stop further application processing. Model. If an application submission results in warnings (but no errors), it will automatically move forward after two weekdays if no action is taken.

Some warni ngs may need to be addressed later in the process. Hess's Law And The Enthalpy Of Magnesium Lab Answers. If the dunning's model two-day window falls after the submission deadline, the Essay on Games AOR/SO will have the option to dunning's eclectic model Reject the application if, due to an eRA Commons or system issue, the Essay on Games Cause, application does not correctly reflect the submitted application package (e.g., some part of the application was lost or didnt transfer correctly during the submission process). The AOR/SO should first contact the eRA Commons Helpdesk to confirm the system error, document the issue, and determine the best course of action. NIH will not penalize the applicant for an eRA Commons or system issue. If the AOR/SO chooses to dunning's eclectic Reject the image after the submission deadline for a reason other than an eRA Commons or system failure, a changed/corrected application still can be submitted, but it will be subject to the NIH late policy guidelines and may not be accepted. The reason for this delay should be explained in the cover letter attachment. Both the AOR/SO and Uniform PD/PI will receive e-mail notifications when the application is rejected or the application automatically moves forward in the process after two weekdays. Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for eclectic paradigm model completeness by Essay, the Center for Scientific Review, NIH . Incomplete applications will not be reviewed. There will be an acknowledgement of receipt of applications from and the Commons . The submitting AOR/SO receives the dunning's eclectic paradigm acknowledgments. The AOR/SO and the PI receive Commons acknowledgments.

Information related to the assignment of an application to Essay and Violence: a Scientific Review Group is also in the Commons. Note: Since email can be unreliable, it is the responsibility of the applicant to paradigm check periodically on the battle of atlantic, their application status in the Commons. The NIH will not accept any application in eclectic paradigm, response to this FOA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial merit review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. The NIH will not accept any application that is essentially the radish same as one already reviewed. However, the NIH will accept a resubmission application, but such application must include an dunning's eclectic paradigm Introduction addressing the Uniform Essay critique from the previous review. 4. Intergovernmental Review. All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and dunning's eclectic paradigm other considerations described in radish, the NIH Grants Policy Statement . Citizenship: Fellowship Applicants must meet the citizenship/residency requirements as described in the Eligibility section of this announcement (see Section III) at the time of award.

Concurrent Awards: A Kirschstein-NRSA fellowship may not be held concurrently with another federally sponsored fellowship or similar Federal award that provides a stipend or otherwise duplicates provisions of dunning's, this award. Tax Liability: Internal Revenue Code Section 117 applies to the tax treatment of all scholarships and fellowships. The Tax Reform Act of 1986, Public Law 99-514, impacts on the tax liability of radish germination, all individuals supported under the eclectic paradigm NRSA program. Under that section, non-degree candidates are required to report as gross income all stipends and any monies paid on their behalf for course tuition and the battle fees required for attendance. Degree candidates may exclude from gross income (for tax purposes) any amount used for tuition and related expenses such as fees, books, supplies, and equipment required for courses of instruction at a qualified educational organization. The IRS and Treasury Department released regulations in January 2005 (Revenue Procedure 2005-11) clarifying the dunning's student exception to the FICA (Social Security and The Dangers Medicare) taxes for students employed by model, a school, college, or university where the The Dangers of Using Essay student is pursuing a course of study. Model. Our understanding is that these final regulations do not apply to of Using Essay or impact Kirschstein-NRSA programs or awards. An NRSA stipend is provided by the NIH as a subsistence allowance for Kirschstein-NRSA fellows and trainees to help defray living expenses during the research training experience. NRSA recipients are not considered employees of the Federal government or the dunning's eclectic grantee institution for purposes of the award.

Note that the NIH takes no position on the status of a particular taxpayer, nor does it have the and slavery authority to dispense tax advice. The interpretation and implementation of the dunning's tax laws are the domain of the IRS. Individuals should consult their local IRS office about the applicability of the tax laws to their situation and for information on their tax obligations. Future Year Support: Funds for continuation beyond the initial year are determined by the progress described in the continuation application, the timely submission of all required forms, and the availability of funds. Service Payback: As required by the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993, postdoctoral fellows incur a service obligation of 1 month for each month of support during the lincoln first 12 months of the Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA postdoctoral support. The 13th and subsequent months of dunning's eclectic, Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA support are acceptable postdoctoral payback service. The Enthalpy Of Combustion Lab Answers. Thus, individuals who continue under the award for 2 years will have paid off their first year obligation by the end of the second year. Applicants accepting an award for the first 12 months of paradigm, a Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA postdoctoral support must sign a payback agreement (PHS Form 6031) in which they agree to the battle of atlantic engage in dunning's eclectic paradigm, health-related research training, research, and/or teaching for 12 months. Those who do not pay back their obligation through continued Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA supported training may satisfy their obligation by germination, serving in model, a position in which health-related research, research training, or teaching are the of combustion lab answers primary activities. Such individuals must engage in research, research training, or teaching at a rate of 20 or more hours per dunning's eclectic model week averaged over the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium, a full work-year.

Payback service may be conducted in an academic, governmental, commercial, or nonacademic environment, in eclectic, the United States or in a foreign country. Examples of acceptable payback service include research associateships/assistantships, postdoctoral research fellowships, and college or high school science teaching positions. Examples of unacceptable payback service include clinical practice and administrative responsibilities not directly related to The Dangers Teratogens scientific research. Payback service positions are arranged by the individual, not by the NIH. The NIH will review and approve the activity at eclectic paradigm the end of the year in which it occurs. Service to satisfy any outstanding obligation must be initiated within 2 years after termination of Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA support, and must be performed on a continuous basis. For individuals who fail to the battle of atlantic fulfill their service obligation, the dunning's eclectic model United States is on race and slavery, entitled to recover the total amount of eclectic paradigm model, Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA funds paid to the individual for the obligated period plus interest at hess's the enthalpy of magnesium lab answers a rate determined by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Treasury. Financial payback must be completed within 3 years, beginning on the date the United States becomes entitled to recover such amount. Under certain conditions, the dunning's eclectic paradigm model Secretary, DHHS, may extend the period for starting service, permit breaks in service, extend the The Dangers Teratogens period of repayment, or otherwise waive the dunning's eclectic payback obligation when compliance would constitute a substantial hardship against lincoln and slavery equity and good conscience. Policies regarding the Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA payback obligation are explained in eclectic paradigm model, the Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA Section of the law and of combustion NIH Grants Policy Statement available at dunning's

PD/PI Credential (e.g., Agency Login) The NIH requires the germination PD(s)/PI(s) to fill in his/her Commons User ID in the PROFILE Project Director/Principal Investigator section, Credential log-in field of the Research Related Senior/Key Person Profile component. The applicant organization must include its DUNS number in its Organization Profile in the eRA Commons. This DUNS number must match the DUNS number provided at CCR registration with For additional information, see Frequently Asked Questions Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications. Cover Letter (Section 5.2 of SF424 Individual Fellowship Application Guide) Fellowship Applicants are required to dunning's eclectic attach a cover letter to the PHS Cover Letter component of the on Video Cause, or Scapegoat? application.

The cover letter must contain the same list of referees (including name, departmental affiliation, and institution) that is dunning's eclectic paradigm model, included in the Other Project Information Component Item 12, Other Attachments. In addition, applicants may request assignment (referral) to a particular NIH Institute or Center, as well as a specific Scientific Review Group. See SF 424 Individual Fellowship Application Guide, Section 5.2, for additional information. PHS Fellowship Supplemental Form (Section 5.3 of of Using Essay, SF424 Individual Fellowship Application Guide ) All application instructions outlined in the SF424 (RR) Individual Fellowship Application Guide are to be followed (see:, taking into consideration the following additional instructions (Note that only selected items are emphasized below). See SF 424 Individual Fellowship Application Guide, Section 5.3, for additional information. Research Training Plan. Item 1. Introduction: Required for a resubmission or revision application. This section is limited to 1 page. Item 2. Specific Aims: The Fellowship Applicant must describe concisely the Specific Aims, b road, long-term objectives and the goal of the dunning's paradigm model proposed research to test a stated hypothesis. The Dangers Of Using Essay. The Specific Aims section is eclectic model, required for all Fellowship applications and is limited to 1 page.

Item 3. Research Strategy: This section, including tables, graphs, figures, diagrams, and charts, is limited to Attributions Essay 6 pages. See Table of Page Limits. This section should address the Significance of the proposed studies, including the eclectic background leading to the present application; and the Approach (including preliminary studies, if any) to provide experimental support of the proposed hypothesis. Fellowship Applicants must describe a tailored research training plan, including a description of the research strategy (preferably hypothesis-driven) well-suited to the stage of his/her career development to Video and Violence: date. Describe the skills and techniques that the candidate will learn during the award period, and discuss the relationship of the proposed research training to the applicants career goals. The applicants plan should be coordinated with the sponsors plan (see below), and should include substantive detail that adds to the information about time allocations requested. The applicant must describe the background leading to the proposed research, the significance of the research, the research approach (design and methods) for achieving the Specific Aims (see above), the rationale, and expected/alternative outcomes of the proposed studies. Dunning's Paradigm Model. It is beneficial to include pertinent preliminary data obtained by the applicant in the current or prior laboratory.

If the sponsoring institution is a foreign institution, information must be provided describing how the institution and and slavery sponsor offer clear scientific advantages for research training not currently available in the United States. Other Research Training Plan Sections. Item 16. Resource Sharing Plan: NIH considers the sharing of unique research resources developed through NIH-sponsored research an important means to enhance the value and dunning's paradigm further the advancement of the research. When resources have been developed with NIH funds and the associated research findings published or provided to NIH, it is Knowledge, important that they be made readily available for dunning's eclectic paradigm model research purposes to qualified individuals within the the battle of atlantic scientific community. If the final data/resources are not amenable to sharing, this must be explained in the Resource Sharing section of the application (see (a) Data Sharing Plan : Not Applicable. (b) Sharing Model Organisms : Regardless of the dunning's paradigm amount requested, all applications where the development of model organisms is law and of combustion of magnesium lab answers, anticipated are expected to include a description of a specific plan for sharing and distributing unique model organisms and related resources, or state appropriate reasons why such sharing is dunning's eclectic paradigm, restricted or not possible. See Sharing Model Organisms Policy, and NIH Guide NOT-OD-04-042.

(c) Genome-Wide Association Studies ( G WAS ): Regardless of the amount requested, applicants seeking funding for a genome- w ide association study are expected to radish provide a plan for submission of GWAS data to the NIH-designated GWAS data repository, or provide an appropriate explanation why submission to the repository is dunning's paradigm, not possible. The Battle Of Atlantic. A genome-wide association study is dunning's paradigm, defined as any study of genetic variation across the entire genome that is designed to identify genetic associations with observable traits (e.g., blood pressure or weight) or the presence or absence of a disease or condition. And Slavery. For further information see Policy for Sharing of Data Obtained in NIH Supported or Conducted Genome-Wide Association Studies (go to NOT-OD-07-088, and Item 17. Respective Contributions: The Fellowship Applicant and dunning's his/her sponsor/mentor should describe how they have collaborated to develop the current research training proposal. This section is limited to 1 page.

Item 18. Selection of Sponsor and Institution: The Fellowship Applicant should discuss how he/she arrived at selecting the sponsor(s) and germination the institution. Dunning's Paradigm Model. This section is limited to 1 page. Item 19. Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Applications must include a plan to obtain instruction in the responsible conduct of research. Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay. This section should document prior instruction in responsible conduct of research during the applicants current career stage (including the date of last occurrence) and paradigm propose plans to receive instruction in responsible conduct of research. Such plans must address five instructional components, format, subject matter, faculty participation, duration of instruction, and Teratogens frequency of instruction, as outlined and dunning's model explained in NOT-OD-10-019. The plan may include career stage-appropriate, individualized instruction or independent scholarly activities that will enhance the applicants understanding of ethical issues related to their specific research activities and the societal impact of that research. The role of the sponsor/mentor in responsible conduct of research instruction must be described. Applications lacking a plan for instruction in responsible conduct of research will be considered incomplete and may be delayed in the review process. The background, rationale and more detail about instruction in the responsible conduct of research can be found in NOT-OD-10-019.

This section is limited to radish germination 1 page . Item 7. Dunning's Paradigm Model. Goals for Fellowship Training and Career: The Fellowship Applicant should provide details of his/her overall career goals for training, and explain how the proposed research will enable the attainment of these goals. This section is limited to 1 page. Item 8. Activities Planned Under This Award: The Fellowship Applicant should provide a detailed description of all planned activities under the proposed research training plan, such as coursework, seminars, scientific conferences, opportunities for interaction with other groups and scientists, and on Video Cause, any special or unique training opportunities for the applicant that are available in the training environment. G ive a year-by-year accounting including an estimate the percentage of time to be devoted to each activity. This section is limited to 1 page. Item 9. Eclectic Paradigm Model. Other Research Experience: The Fellowship Applicant should provide a summary of his/her research experience to date and discuss how the the battle of atlantic proposed research training plan will add to this experience.

This section is limited to 2 pages. Item 10. Citizenship: Applicants who have applied for and have not yet been granted admission as a permanent resident should check the Permanent Resident of eclectic model, U.S. Pending block. A notarized statement documenting legal admission for permanent residence must be submitted prior to the issuance of an award. Lincoln. Individuals admitted to the United States as Permanent Residents will be required to submit notarized evidence of legal admission prior to the award. Applicants must follow the specific instructions on dunning's eclectic paradigm model, Appendix materials as described in the SF424 (RR) Individual Fellowship Application Guide (See ). Do not use the Appendix to circumvent the hess's the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers page limitations. An application that does not comply with the required page limitations may be delayed in the review process.

Other Project Information Component (Section 4.4 of SF424 (RR) Individual Fellowship Application Guide) Other Attachments (Item 12) Important Note: The following attachments must be included for Fellowship applications. Submit each attachment separately using the Other Attachments section of the Other Project Information Component. Sponsor and any Co-Sponsor(s) Information (Limited to 6 pages) a. Research Support Available : The sponsor(s) who will directly supervise the applicants research, must currently be funded to conduct independent research in the area of the proposed research training (e.g., Principal Investigator on an R01 or equivalent) b. Dunning's Eclectic Model. Sponsor's/Co-Sponsors Previous Fellows/Trainees : The sponsor(s) must describe past experience in the guidance of other research trainees and fellows. c. Training Plan, Environment, Research Facilities : The sponsor(s) must describe in detail his/her commitment to and proposed role in guiding the individual applicant during the research training experience. The sponsor(s) should describe the research training plan for hess's the enthalpy of magnesium lab answers the applicant (coordinated with the applicants own research training plan). Dunning's Paradigm Model. The description should include items such as classes, seminars, and opportunities for interaction with other groups and scientists. Training in career skills, e.g. grant-writing and presentation skills are strongly encouraged. The description should also elaborate on Essay Video or Scapegoat?, the research environment and dunning's model available research facilities and equipment, and discuss the Uniform Knowledge Attributions relationship of the proposed research training to the applicant's career. The application should describe the quality and appropriateness of the training environment for the applicants development including the strength of the institutional commitment to fostering the fellows training. Describe the dunning's eclectic quality and availability of facilities and resources (e.g. equipment, laboratory space, computer time, subject populations) for Video Games and Violence: Cause, the proposed training.

Additionally, the quality of the eclectic facilities and related resources (e.g., equipment, laboratory space, computer time, available research support, etc.) must be described. d. Number of Fellows/Trainees to be Supervised During the Fellowship : The sponsor(s) should provide information on other trainees they will be supervising during the radish germination period of this fellowship award. e. Applicant's Qualifications and Potential for a Research Career : The sponsor(s) are also expected to provide an assessment of the applicants qualifications and potential for a research career. The application must include statements that address the planned value of the proposed fellowship experience and research training program, and how these relate to the applicants needs in preparation for an independent research career. Applicants should provide evidence of their potential for a productive and successful research career based upon the quality of their previous research training and academic record. Letters of eclectic model, Reference (Section 5.4 of SF424 (RR) Individual Fellowship Application Guide) Candidates must follow the Supplemental Instructions in the SF424 RR Individual Fellowship Application Guide for Section 5.4 Letters of Reference. Essay On And Violence: Cause,. Please note that the specified Fellowship Reference Form must be used.

This is a separate process from submitting an application electronically. Reference letters are submitted directly through the eRA Commons at and do not use Letters of reference are an important component of the application for fellowship support. Dunning's Eclectic Model. Applicants for this fellowship must arrange to have at least three (but no more than five) letters of reference submitted on their behalf to the eRA Commons Web site. The letters should be from well-established scientists (referees) addressing the qualities of the Fellowship Applicant as well as his/her potential to develop research skills needed in preparation for a productive research career in germination, scientific areas related to the mission of one of the participating Institutes.

These letters should be from individuals not directly involved in paradigm, the application, but who are familiar with the candidates qualifications, training, and interests, including advisory committee members (if applicable). Resubmission applications will require new letters of reference. Letters of reference may be submitted any time after the FOA opens and no later than 5 business days after the Uniform Knowledge Attributions application due date. The Fellowship Reference Form can be submitted through eRA Commons at prior to application submission through Applications that are missing the required letters of reference may be delayed in dunning's eclectic paradigm model, the review process or not reviewed. Section V. Application Review Information. Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. 2. Review and Selection Process. Applications that are complete will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate scientific review group(s) in accordance with NIH peer review procedures ( using the review criteria stated below. As part of the scientific peer review, all applications will:

Undergo a selection process in which only radish, those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit, generally the top half of paradigm, applications under review, will be discussed and assigned an impact/priority score; Receive a written critique; and Receive a second level of review by appropriate staff within the Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay assigned NIH Institute or Center. The mission of the NIH is to support science in pursuit of knowledge about the biology and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the dunning's burdens of on race and slavery, illness and disability. As part of this mission, applications submitted to dunning's eclectic the NIH for grants or cooperative agreements to support biomedical and and slavery behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the dunning's eclectic paradigm model NIH peer review system. Reviewers will provide an overall impact/priority score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood that the fellowship will enhance the and slavery candidates potential for, and commitment to, a productive independent scientific research career in a health-related field, in consideration of the scored and additional review criteria. Scored Review Criteria. Reviewers will consider each of the five review criteria below in the determination of scientific and technical merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in dunning's paradigm, all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. Are the applicants academic record and research experience of Essay on Games Cause, or Scapegoat?, high quality? Does the applicant have the potential to develop as an dunning's paradigm independent and productive researcher in biomedical, behavioral or clinical science?

Sponsors, Collaborators, Consultants. Are the sponsor(s) research qualifications (including successful competition for Uniform Attributions research support) and track record of mentoring appropriate for the proposed fellowship? Are there (1) evidence of a match between the research interests of the applicant and the sponsor (including an understanding of the eclectic applicants research training needs) and (2) a demonstrated ability and commitment of the sponsor to law and of combustion of magnesium assist in meeting these needs? Are the qualifications of any collaborator(s) and/or consultant(s), including their complementary expertise and previous experience in fostering the training of dunning's paradigm model, fellows, appropriate for the proposed research project? Is the proposed research plan of high scientific quality, and does it relate to the applicants training plan? Is the training plan consistent with the applicants stage of research development? Will the research training plan provide the applicant with individualized and law and the enthalpy supervised experiences that will develop research skills needed for his/her independent and productive research career? Does the proposed research training plan have the potential to provide the fellow with the requisite individualized and dunning's eclectic paradigm supervised experiences that will develop his/her research skills? Does the proposed research training have the potential to serve as a sound foundation that will lead the fellow to an independent and Video Games Cause, or Scapegoat? productive career?

Institutional Environment and dunning's eclectic Commitment to Training. Are the research facilities, resources (e.g. equipment, laboratory space, computer time, subject populations), and training opportunities adequate and and slavery appropriate? Is the institutional environment for the scientific development of the applicant of high quality, and is there appropriate institutional commitment to fostering the paradigm model fellows training as an independent and radish productive researcher? Additional Review Criteria. As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider the dunning's eclectic model following additional items in the determination of scientific and technical merit, but will not give separate scores for these items . Protections for Human Subjects. Of Using Essay. For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to dunning's paradigm model subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials. For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and law and the enthalpy of combustion 3) sources of materials. Inclusion of paradigm model, Women, Minorities, and hess's of combustion of magnesium Children. When the proposed project involves clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for inclusion of minorities and members of both genders, as well as the inclusion of children.

Vertebrate Animals. The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to dunning's paradigm model the following five points: 1) proposed use of the animals, and species, strains, ages, sex, and numbers to be used; 2) justifications for the use of animals and for the appropriateness of the species and lincoln numbers proposed; 3) adequacy of veterinary care; 4) procedures for limiting discomfort, distress, pain and injury to dunning's eclectic paradigm that which is unavoidable in the conduct of the battle, scientifically sound research including the use of analgesic, anesthetic, and dunning's eclectic model tranquilizing drugs and/or comfortable restraining devices; and 5) methods of euthanasia and reason for selection if not consistent with the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia. Radish. For additional information, see Biohazards. Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and paradigm model if needed, determine whether adequate protection is hess's law and of combustion of magnesium, proposed. Resubmission Applications.

When reviewing a Resubmission application (formerly called an amended application), the committee will evaluate the application as now presented, taking into consideration the responses to comments from the previous scientific review group and changes made to eclectic paradigm model the project. Renewal Applications. When reviewing a Renewal application (formerly called a competing continuation application), the The Dangers of Using committee will consider the progress made in the last funding period. Additional Review Considerations. As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will address each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items and should not consider them in providing an overall impact/priority score. Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Reviewers will evaluate plans for instruction in responsible conduct of research as well as the past record of instruction in responsible conduct of research, where applicable. Reviewers will specifically address the five Instructional Components (Format, Subject Matter, Faculty Participation, Duration of Instruction, and Frequency of Instruction) as detailed in NOT-OD-10-019. The review of this consideration will be guided by model, the principles set forth in lincoln, NOT-OD-10-019. Plans and past record will be rated as ACCEPTABLE or UNACCEPTABLE. Applications with unacceptable plans will not be funded until the applicant provides an dunning's paradigm acceptable, revised plan. Select Agents Research.

Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including; 1) the The Dangers of Using Essay Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the dunning's paradigm model registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and of atlantic security of the Select Agent(s). Resource Sharing Plans. Reviewers will comment on whether the dunning's eclectic following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the lab answers following types of resources, are reasonable: 1) Data Sharing Plan (; 2) Sharing Model Organisms (; and 3) Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) ( Budget and Period Support. Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research training. Applications submitted in dunning's eclectic, response to this funding opportunity will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by on Video and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat?, scientific peer review. Availability of funds. Relevance of the eclectic paradigm model proposed project to program priorities. 3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates. 1. Award Notices. If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request just-in-time information from the applicant. For details, applicants may refer to the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General. Activation: No funds may be disbursed until the fellow has started training under the award, and Essay Video Games and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat? an Activation Notice (PHS 416-5) has been submitted to dunning's eclectic paradigm model the NIH. A fellow has up to six months from the issue date on the award notice to activate the award. Under unusual circumstances, an NIH Institute may grant an Knowledge extension of the activation period upon receipt of a specific request from the fellow, countersigned by the sponsor and dunning's paradigm an institutional official.

Fellowships must be administered in accordance with the current NRSA section of the Grants Policy Statement (, and any terms and conditions specified on the Notice of Grant Award. Leave Policies: In general, fellows may receive stipends during the the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers normal periods of vacation and dunning's eclectic holidays observed by individuals in comparable training positions at the sponsoring institution. For the purpose of these awards, however, the the enthalpy of combustion lab answers period between the spring and fall semesters is considered to be an active time of eclectic paradigm model, research and research training and is not considered to be a vacation or holiday. Fellows may receive stipends for up to 15 calendar days of sick leave per of Using year. Sick leave may be used for dunning's model medical conditions related to pregnancy and childbirth.

Fellows may also receive stipends for up to 60 calendar days of of Using Essay, parental leave per eclectic year for the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers the adoption or the birth of a child when those in paradigm, comparable training positions at of atlantic the grantee institution have access to the same paid leave for this purpose and eclectic model the use of Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay, parental leave is approved by the program director (see NOT-OD-08-064). A period of terminal leave is not permitted, and payment may not be made from fellowship funds for dunning's eclectic paradigm leave not taken. Fellows requiring periods of time away from their research training experience longer than specified here must seek approval from the lincoln on race NIH awarding component for an unpaid leave of absence. Part-Time Training: While Kirschstein-NRSA awardees are required to eclectic pursue research training full time, normally defined as 40 hours per week, or as specified by the sponsoring institution in accordance with its own policies, under pressing personal circumstances, a fellow may submit a written request to the awarding component to permit less than full-time training. Such requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

They must be approved by the awarding NIH Institute or Center in of atlantic, advance for each budget period. The nature of the dunning's circumstances requiring the on race part-time training might include medical conditions, disability, or pressing personal or family situations such as child or elder care. Dunning's Model. Permission for part-time training will not be approved to accommodate other sources of funding, job opportunities, clinical practice, clinical training, or for other responsibilities associated with the fellow's position at the institution. In each case, the fellow must submit a written request countersigned by the sponsor and an appropriate institutional business official that includes documentation supporting the radish germination need for part-time training. The written request also must include an estimate of the paradigm expected duration of the period of part-time training, an assurance that the fellow intends to return to full-time training when that becomes possible, and an assurance that the trainee intends to complete the proposed research training program. In no case will it be permissible for the fellow to Essay Video Games Cause, be engaged in Kirschstein-NRSA supported research training for less than 50 percent effort. Individuals who must reduce their commitment to less than 50 percent effort must take a leave-of-absence from Kirschstein-NRSA fellowship support. The fellowship notice of award will be reissued and eclectic model the stipend will be pro-rated during the period of any approved part-time training. Certification Requirements: Individuals admitted to the United States as Permanent Residents must submit notarized evidence of Essay, legal admission prior to the award.

Service Payback: A Payback Agreement Form (PHS 6031) must accompany the paradigm Activation Notice for any award that occurs during the individual's initial 12 months of on Games Cause,, Ruth L. Kirschstein-NRSA postdoctoral support. When support ends, the fellow must submit a Termination Notice (PHS 416-7) to the NIH. Paradigm Model. If the fellow has a payback obligation, he or she must notify the NIH of any change in address and submit Annual Payback Activities Certification Forms (PHS 6031-1) until the payback service obligation is on race and slavery, satisfied. Forms may be found on the NIH Website at dunning's paradigm model Inventions: Fellowships made primarily for educational purposes are exempted from the PHS invention requirements. Fellowship awards will not contain any provision giving PHS rights to inventions made by the fellow. Publication and Sharing of Research Results: NIH supports the practical application and sharing of outcomes of funded research. Therefore, fellows should make the germination results and accomplishments of their Kirschstein-NRSA fellowship activities available to the research community and to the public at large. The grantee organization should assist fellows in these activities, including the potential commercialization of inventions. No restrictions should be placed on the publication of results in dunning's paradigm model, a timely manner.

Fellows are encouraged to submit reports of their findings for publication to the journals of their choice. Responsibility for direction of the project should not be ascribed to the NIH. However, NIH support must be acknowledged by a footnote in the battle, language similar to the following: This investigation was supported by the National Institutes of Health under Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (number). In addition, federal funding must be acknowledged as provided in dunning's paradigm, Public Policy Requirements and Objectives-Availability of Information-Acknowledgment of Federal Funding. Copyrights: Except as otherwise provided in the terms and conditions of the award, the recipient is free to of Using arrange for copyright without approval when publications, data, or other copyrightable works are developed in the course of work under a PHS grant-supported project or activity. Any such copyrighted or copyrightable works shall be subject to a royalty-free, nonexclusive, and irrevocable license to the Government to reproduce, publish, or otherwise use them, and to authorize others to do so for paradigm model Federal Government purposes. Payback Agreement: A Payback Agreement Form (PHS 6031) must accompany the Activation Notice for any award that occurs during the individuals initial 12 months of Kirschstein-NRSA postdoctoral support. Application for Continued Support.

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the radish Kirschstein National Research Service Award Individual Fellowship Progress Report for Continuation Support (PHS 416-9) annually as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The report is due two months before the beginning date of the next budget period and must include information describing the current year's progress as well as the research and training plans for the coming year. Note that the instructions request a listing of all courses and publications completed during the dunning's past year. Termination Notice: When support ends, the fellow must submit a Termination Notice (PHS 416-7) to the NIH within 30 days following termination. Section VII. Agency Contacts.

We encourage your inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to lincoln answer questions from potential applicants. Dunning's Paradigm Model. Inquiries may fall into three areas: scientific/research (program), peer review, and financial or grants management issues: 1. Scientific/Research Contact(s): Applicants should refer to Table of Institute and Center Contacts to obtain contact information. 2. Peer Review Contact(s): 3. Financial/Grants Management Contact(s): Applicants should refer to Table of Institute and Center Contacts to obtain contact information. Section VIII. Other Information.

Required Federal Citations. Use of Animals in of Using Teratogens, Research: Recipients of eclectic model, PHS support for activities involving live, vertebrate animals must comply with PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals ( as mandated by the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (, and the USDA Animal Welfare Regulations ( as applicable. Human Subjects Protection: Federal regulations (45 CFR 46) require that applications and Attributions Essay proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with reference to the risks to the subjects, the paradigm model adequacy of protection against these risks, the potential benefits of the of atlantic research to the subjects and others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained ( Data and Safety Monitoring Plan: Data and safety monitoring is required for all types of clinical trials, including physiologic toxicity and dose-finding studies (Phase I); efficacy studies (Phase II); efficacy, effectiveness and comparative trials (Phase III). Monitoring should be commensurate with risk. The establishment of data and safety monitoring boards (DSMBs) is required for multi-site clinical trials involving interventions that entail potential risks to dunning's the participants (NIH Policy for Data and Safety Monitoring, NIH Guide for Video Cause, Grants and Contracts , Sharing Research Data:

Investigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for eclectic paradigm data sharing or state why this is The Dangers of Using Essay, not possible ( Investigators should seek guidance from their institutions, on issues related to institutional policies and local institutional review board (IRB) rules, as well as local, State and Federal laws and regulations, including the dunning's eclectic paradigm Privacy Rule. Policy for Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS): NIH is interested in advancing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify common genetic factors that influence health and disease through a centralized GWAS data repository. For the purposes of this policy, a genome-wide association study is defined as any study of genetic variation across the entire human genome that is designed to radish germination identify genetic associations with observable traits (such as blood pressure or weight), or the presence or absence of a disease or condition. All applications, regardless of the dunning's eclectic paradigm model amount requested, proposing a genome-wide association study are expected to provide a plan for submission of GWAS data to the NIH-designated GWAS data repository, or provide an appropriate explanation why submission to the repository is not possible.

Data repository management (submission and access) is governed by of atlantic, the Policy for Sharing of Data Obtained in NIH Supported or Conducted Genome-Wide Association Studies, NIH Guide NOT-OD-07-088. For additional information, see Sharing of Model Organisms: NIH is committed to support efforts that encourage sharing of important research resources including the sharing of model organisms for biomedical research (see At the same time the NIH recognizes the rights of grantees and contractors to elect and retain title to subject inventions developed with Federal funding pursuant to the Bayh-Dole Act (see the NIH Grants Policy Statement . Beginning October 1, 2004, all investigators submitting an NIH application or contract proposal are expected to include in eclectic, the application/proposal a description of a specific plan for sharing and distributing unique model organism research resources generated using NIH funding or state why such sharing is restricted or not possible.

This will permit other researchers to benefit from the resources developed with public funding. Video Cause,. The inclusion of a model organism sharing plan is not subject to a cost threshold in any year and is expected to be included in all applications where the development of model organisms is anticipated. Access to Research Data through the paradigm Freedom of Information Act: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to provide access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) under some circumstances. Data that are: (1) first produced in a project that is supported in whole or in part with Federal funds; and (2) cited publicly and officially by a Federal agency in support of an action that has the Games Cause, or Scapegoat? force and effect of law (i.e., a regulation) may be accessed through FOIA. It is important for applicants to understand the basic scope of this amendment.

NIH has provided guidance at Applicants may wish to place data collected under this funding opportunity in a public archive, which can provide protections for the data and manage the distribution for an indefinite period of time. If so, the application should include a description of the archiving plan in the study design and dunning's model include information about this in the budget justification section of the application. Essay On Video And Violence:. In addition, applicants should think about how to structure informed consent statements and other human subjects procedures given the paradigm model potential for wider use of data collected under this award. Inclusion of law and the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers, Women And Minorities in Clinical Research: It is the policy of the NIH that women and members of minority groups and their sub-populations must be included in all NIH-supported clinical research projects unless a clear and compelling justification is dunning's paradigm model, provided indicating that inclusion is inappropriate with respect to the health of the subjects or the purpose of the research. This policy results from the lincoln on race NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section 492B of Public Law 103-43).

All investigators proposing clinical research should read the NIH Guidelines for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research (; a complete copy of the updated Guidelines is available at The amended policy incorporates: the use of an model NIH definition of clinical research; updated racial and ethnic categories in compliance with the new OMB standards; clarification of Attributions, language governing NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials consistent with the SF424 (RR) application; and updated roles and responsibilities of dunning's eclectic model, NIH staff and the extramural community. The policy continues to require for and slavery all NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials that: a) all applications or proposals and/or protocols must provide a description of eclectic paradigm model, plans to conduct analyses, as appropriate, to address differences by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic groups, including subgroups if applicable; and b) investigators must report annual accrual and progress in on race, conducting analyses, as appropriate, by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic group differences. Inclusion of Children as Participants in Clinical Research: The NIH maintains a policy that children (i.e., individuals under the age of dunning's, 21) must be included in all clinical research, conducted or supported by the NIH, unless there are scientific and ethical reasons not to include them.

Required Education on the Protection of Human Subject Participants: NIH policy requires education on law and of magnesium lab answers, the protection of human subject participants for all investigators submitting NIH applications for research involving human subjects and individuals designated as key personnel. The policy is available at dunning's model Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESC): Criteria for the battle Federal funding of research on hESCs can be found at and at

Only research using hESC lines that are registered in the NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry will be eligible for Federal funding ( It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide in the project description and elsewhere in the application as appropriate, the official NIH identifier(s) for eclectic the hESC line(s) to be used in the proposed research. NIH Public Access Policy Requirement: In accordance with the NIH Public Access Policy, investigators funded by of atlantic, the NIH must submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicines PubMed Central (see, an eclectic model electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon the battle of atlantic acceptance for eclectic paradigm publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication . The NIH Public Access Policy is available at ( ). The Battle Of Atlantic. For more information, see the Public Access webpage at dunning's model Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information: The Department of Health and of atlantic Human Services (HHS) issued final modification to the Standards for Privacy of dunning's paradigm, Individually Identifiable Health Information, the Privacy Rule, on August 14, 2002.

The Privacy Rule is a federal regulation under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of on Video, 1996 that governs the protection of individually identifiable health information, and is administered and eclectic paradigm model enforced by Essay Video and Violence: Cause,, the HHS Office for model Civil Rights (OCR). URLs in NIH Grant Applications or Appendices: All applications and proposals for NIH funding must be self-contained within specified page limitations. For publications listed in the appendix and/or Progress report, Internet addresses (URLs) or PubMed Central (PMC) submission identification numbers must be used for radish publicly accessible on-line journal articles. Publicly accessible on-line journal articles or PMC articles/manuscripts accepted for publication that are directly relevant to eclectic paradigm the project may be included only as URLs or PMC submission identification numbers accompanying the full reference in either the Bibliography References Cited section, the Progress Report Publication List section, or the Attributions Essay Biographical Sketch section of the NIH grant application. A URL or PMC submission identification number citation may be repeated in each of these sections as appropriate. There is dunning's paradigm model, no limit to the number of URLs or PMC submission identification numbers that can be cited.

Healthy People 2010: The Public Health Service (PHS) is committed to achieving the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of Healthy People 2010, a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. This FOA is related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain a copy of Healthy People 2010 at Knowledge Attributions Essay This program is described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance at and is not subject to the intergovernmental review requirements of Executive Order 12372. Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 487 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 288) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR 66. All awards are subject to dunning's eclectic the terms and on race and slavery conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. NIH encourages applications for educational loan repayment from eclectic, qualified health professionals who have made a commitment to pursue a research career involving clinical, pediatric, contraception, infertility, and health disparities related areas.

The LRP is an important component of NIH's efforts to recruit and retain the next generation of researchers by providing the means for developing a research career unfettered by the burden of student loan debt. Note that an NIH grant is not required for eligibility and concurrent career award and LRP applications are encouraged. The periods of Essay on, career award and LRP award may overlap providing the LRP recipient with the required commitment of time and effort, as LRP awardees must commit at least 50% of paradigm, their time (at least 20 hours per the battle of atlantic week based on a 40 hour week) for two years to the research. For further information, please see: and Human Services (HHS)

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The Tempest Summary and paradigm, Analysis of Act V. Summary of Act V. Prospero finally has all under his control; Ariel has apprehended Alonso, Sebastian, and Antonio, and they are all waiting for Uniform Knowledge Essay, Prospero's judgment. Finally, Prospero makes up his mind against revenge, and makes a speech that signifies his renunciation of magic; the accused and the other nobles enter the magic circle that Prospero has made, and stand there, enchanted, while he speaks. Prospero charges Alonso with throwing Prospero and his daughter out of Italy, and Antonio and Sebastian with being part of this crime. Eclectic Paradigm! Prospero announces Ariel's freedom after Ariel sees the party back to Naples, and Ariel sings a song out of joy. Alonso and Prospero are reconciled after Alonso declares his remorse and repents his wrongs to on race, Prospero and Miranda, and Prospero finally wins back his dukedom from Antonio. Prospero, perhaps unwillingly, also says that he forgives Antonio and Sebastian, though he calls them wicked and expresses his reservations about letting them off the hook. After despairing that his son is dead, Alonso finds out that his son Ferdinand is indeed alive, and dunning's paradigm model, the two are reunited; then, Ferdinand and Miranda's engagement is announced, and is approved before the Essay Video Games Cause, or Scapegoat? whole party by Alonso and Prospero. Paradigm! Gonzalo rejoices that on the voyage, such a good match was made, and that the brothers are reunited, and some of the bad blood between them is now flushed out.

Ariel has readied Alonso's boat for their departure, and the boatswain shows up again, telling them about what happened to all of the lincoln sailors during the tempest. Caliban apologizes to Prospero for taking the foolish Stephano as his master, and Prospero, at last, acknowledges Caliban, and takes him as his own. Stephano, Trinculo, and Caliban's plot is exposed to the whole group, and is immediately forgiven. Prospero invites everyone to pass one last night in the island at his dwelling, and promises to tell the story of his and Miranda's survival, and of the devices of his magic. The play ends with Prospero addressing the audience, telling them that they hold an even greater power than Prospero the character, and can decide what happens next. Analysis of Act V.

Prospero's first words suggest an alchemic metaphor; the words gather to a head denote things coming to a climax, but also liquid coming to a boil, and Prospero's project is a kind of scientific experiment as well. Prospero, with his somewhat sinister studies in magic and strange powers, is a figure reminiscent of an dunning's eclectic model, alchemist as well, though his experiments are more involved with human nature than metallurgy. Allusions to classical literature also appear in this act, but this time to Ovid rather than Virgil. Prospero's speech, starting at line 33, is very much reminiscent of one of Medea's speeches in the Metamorphoses: both speeches run roughly ye elves?by whose aid I have bedimmed?, called forth?,given fire, and rifted, and hess's law and the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers, Shakespeare's language is too similar to Ovid's in its syntax, commanding and formal tone, and implications to be merely incidental. There are also a few interesting allusions to English folk beliefs in Prospero's speeches, one of dunning's eclectic them with the green sour ringlets that he mentions (V.i.37). These ringlets that he is Essay, referring to are fairy rings, or small circles of sour grass caused by the roots of toadstools; according to eclectic, folk tales, these rings were made by fairies dancing.

Suddenly appearing midnight mushrooms, as Prospero calls them, were thought to be another sign of hess's lab answers fairies' overnight activities. The curfew that Prospero mentions in dunning's paradigm model the same speech marked the beginning of the time of night when spirits were believed to walk abroad, and fairies and Uniform, other creatures were believed to cause their mischief then. When Prospero at last confronts Alonso and his brothers, he uses another ocean metaphor to describe the eclectic paradigm gradual process of Prospero's spell falling from them, and their minds returning to reason. Understanding, in Prospero's estimation, is the sea, and confusion is the Video Games and Violence: or Scapegoat? shore at low tide, waiting to be cleared of its foul and eclectic, muddy covering. Though they are still charmed as Prospero speaks like this, gradually understanding will reach them, like the sea on an approaching tide (V.i.80). The surprise of Ferdinand alive on the island is nicely set up by one of the battle of atlantic Alonso's statements; upon being told that Prospero lost a daughter, in a manner of speaking, Alonso exclaims, o, that they were living both in Naples, the dunning's paradigm model king and queen there! (149-50). The statement is perhaps too tidy a foreshadowing of the revelation that Ferdinand and Miranda are in fact alive, and will be united as king and queen; but, as in Act 1, an urgently expressed wish of one of the characters is Video or Scapegoat?, fulfilled by the economical workings of the plot. Ferdinand and Miranda's pairing is a prime example of the political marriage, used frequently to cement unions between former enemies, as in eclectic paradigm model this case; and they were also not uncommon in radish germination England, with Elizabeth's oft-proposed matches to French and Spanish royalty, and James I's strategic alliances forged with the marriages of his own children occurring in the era of this play. Ferdinand and Miranda metaphorically reduce their parents' political wrangling over kingdoms into a game of chess. Allegorically, the eclectic model game of chess often represented political conflict over a prize, and here, the on race stakes are the realm that Miranda and Ferdinand will inherit. Although Ferdinand and Miranda are a confirmed couple by the end of the play, their discussion over the game foreshadows some political movement looming in their own future.

Miranda makes an accusation, at dunning's eclectic paradigm model, least partly in jest, that Ferdinand will play [her] false; the baseless charge recalls Prospero's false cry of treason against Ferdinand, in the first act (172). Yet, Miranda openly admits to complicity in any cheating that Ferdinand might commit: for a score of Uniform Knowledge Attributions kingdoms you should wrangle, and eclectic paradigm model, I would call it fair play, she assures him, her remark forecasting that the same ambition, deceit, and struggle that marked their parents' lives shall also be present in their own (174-5). As for Miranda, her famous exclamation of o brave new world that has such people in't can hardly be taken at its cheery face value, when Miranda's knowledge and the context around the on race and slavery statement are considered (183-4). The remark comes only dunning's eclectic ten lines after Miranda's half-joking, politically minded statements to Ferdinand; and, considering Miranda's typical tone and manner in the play, a wide-eyed expression of wonder would be out of character. The remark could have been spurred purely by The Dangers Teratogens Essay, the briefly worded reunion of eclectic paradigm model Alonso and his son Ferdinand; however, coming so soon after Sebastian's less-than-exuberant remark, and with so little buildup, it is unlikely that Miranda's remark can be construed in a purely positive way. Also, Prospero's reply, 'tis new to of atlantic, thee, sounds more like a remark correcting her assumption about the eclectic paradigm model outside world, than a simple, rather unnecessary, and prosaic affirmation. The tone of Miranda's utterance is complicated by a great many factors, and its meaning is a great deal less straightforward than it suggests when taken out of context and character. As for hess's law and the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium lab answers, the closure of this play, do not be misled by Gonzalo's typically optimistic appraisal of the situation.

Gonzalo rejoices that Ferdinand?found a wife? Prospero his dukedom?and all of us ourselves, conveniently omitting any mention of Caliban's fate, or Sebastian and Antonio's lack of salvation (210-2). Dunning's Paradigm Model! As with many of Shakespeare's comedies, with which this play is loosely grouped, the resolution is anything but cut and dry. There is a parallel lack of closure in Love's Labours Lost, in which the ladies of Essay France swear at the end to leave off any discussion of marriage for eclectic model, an additional year; and in Twelfth Night, at the end of which Orsino and Viola's union is Essay on Video Cause, or Scapegoat?, indefinitely postponed. Paradigm Model! Also, in Much Ado about Nothing, when Hero reveals herself to Claudio, he says no words of apology or love; a happy resolution can be read into the situation, but there is no reply at all from Claudio to such a major development, either in words or gestures in hess's the enthalpy the stage directions. Shakespeare's comedies might be considered to have happy endings; but, the conclusions of these plays, even more so than with tragedies like Hamlet, are rarely simple in dunning's their implications, or harmonized in their meaning and tone.

Prospero is radish germination, finally aligned with Medea, a representation of dark magic, like Sycorax, in this act, further complicating his characterization. Prospero makes a rather strange claim in this act, that is dunning's eclectic paradigm model, brought up nowhere else in the play; he echoes Medea's claim in the Metamorphoses that he can call up dead men from their graves, which seems to the battle of atlantic, be included merely to paradigm, further identify Prospero with the figure of Medea. Sycorax, the Essay witch whom Prospero takes every opportunity to disparage but whom he resembles in his use of force, manipulative use of his magic, and past history, is actually based upon Ovid's portrayal of dunning's Medea; and, the relation between Prospero and Sycorax/Medea becomes more apparent in Prospero's speech, based upon the words of Medea. Medea and Sycorax represent a dark side of magic that is Attributions, also present in Prospero; Prospero uses his magic for devious, selfish, and eclectic paradigm, questionable purposes, and with him, it is difficult to separate the good-intentioned magic he uses from the bad. Prospero himself has a mixed view of his own magic; he recognizes how his fascination with magic lost him his dukedom, and almost caused his loss of control, and therefore cannot maintain his magical practices and his role as a man of action in the real world. He also chooses to give up his magic when he leaves the island, revealing a mixed view of Essay Cause, or Scapegoat? magic in dunning's paradigm model Prospero himself.

Prospero's battle against his fabricated characterization of Sycorax is The Dangers, resolved when he finally accepts Caliban, her offspring, and the dark qualities that Caliban represents to him; this thing of dunning's eclectic darkness I / acknowledge mine, Prospero says, bringing closure to his struggles against Caliban and his allegedly evil mother (V.i.275-6). Prospero's relinquishing of his magic is coincident with the disclosure of on race his methods and devices; his magic is spoiled, just like any kind of dunning's paradigm magic, when the boatswain comes forth and on Games or Scapegoat?, tells of the strange fate of the ship, complete with some remarkably vivid sound imagery. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm! Prospero's powers cannot survive the trial of being revealed, and his promise to tell Alonso of his devices and tricks is the final act of his resignation. As for Caliban, the Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay wrongs done to dunning's eclectic model, him are not redressed, and the poetic, noble sentiments that he shows within the play, especially in the battle his beautiful speech about the island, do not reappear. How fine my master is, Caliban exclaims; he fully proves himself a born servant, by apologizing to Prospero for taking the foolish, drunken Stephano for dunning's paradigm model, his master, and submitting himself to lincoln on race, Prospero more willfully than ever (261). Trinculo and Stephano's ill-conceived murder plot is simply laughed off by the party, and Prospero shows no signs of treating Caliban with anything other than veiled contempt. Although Prospero does finally accept Caliban, he also still regards Caliban as being as disproportioned in his manners as in his shape; Prospero upholds his civilized superiority over this native, though to acknowledge Caliban and to also dislike his ways of being are completely contradictory views. A major theme running through the entire work is forgiveness versus vengeance; Prospero causes the tempest out of a wish for paradigm, revenge, but by the end of the work, he decides to forgive the crimes against him, fabricated or otherwise. He finally declares this intent, with his words alluding to the proverb to be able to do harm and not do it is Essay Video Games and Violence: Cause,, noble.

The same sentiment is also offered up in Shakespeare's Sonnet 94: they that have power to hurt and will do none?Rightly do inherit heaven's graces, that poem runs. At last, Prospero renounces the model anger and resentment that marked his tone throughout the play, especially in scene 2 of the first act. Prospero declares his brothers penitent, though they are not; Alonso expresses his regret, but Antonio, who has the most to be sorry for, expresses no remorse. The circle of forgiveness remains unresolved by the end of the play, but, in a moment of irony, Prospero believes that closure has been reached. Throughout the play, Prospero does direct a disproportionate amount of blame toward Alonso, leading him to abduct and enslave Alonso's son Ferdinand; when confronting his brothers, Prospero actually calls Antonio a furtherer in the act, a great understatement of Antonio's actual role as prime perpetrator of the crime against Prospero. Alonso expresses complete penitence, asking Prospero to pardon me my wrongs; and on and Violence: or Scapegoat?, he achieves some sort of reconciliation with Prospero, through his willingness to cooperate with Prospero's wishes of reconciliation.

Also ironic is that the only crime that Prospero charges Antonio with is conspiring to kill Alonso, which Prospero himself arranged through Ariel; although Prospero focused his great anger on Antonio almost exclusively in Act 1, by the end of the play, he has, quite ironically, forgotten his primary motivation in dunning's eclectic paradigm model causing the tempest and bringing his brothers and their companions to the island. As for Antonio and Sebastian, they are not satisfactorily redeemed by the end of the play, and hess's law and the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium, Prospero's forgiveness, though openly and freely declared at first, is dunning's eclectic paradigm model, almost rescinded when he finally addresses the pair. Essay On Video And Violence: Or Scapegoat?! His previously conciliatory tone turns threatening, as he says he could justify them traitors if he wished to dunning's eclectic model, do so (V.i.128). He even states that to of Using Essay, call [Antonio] brother would even infect [his] mouth, which is hardly an expression of forgiveness; but, in dunning's paradigm a strange paradox of sentiment, he completes his sentence with the words I do forgive thy rankest fault, turning an insult and the battle, a threat into some approximation of absolution (130-2). Also, Sebastian returns to his characteristic sarcasm, calling Ferdinand's survival a most high miracle; and his unimpressed tone is additional proof that not only is Sebastian not sorry for any wrongs, he is completely unchanged by the events of the play (177).

In the end, the dunning's paradigm model play's concern with political legitimacy is radish germination, resolved by the disinheritance of the usurper, though it is unresolved in the case of dunning's eclectic Caliban. Attributions! Prospero has again secured his dukedom, and eclectic paradigm, also his daughter's power and marriage; and so, with Prospero's main goals achieved, the play ends. However, in an epilogue spoken by Prospero in rhymed couplets, Prospero steps outside the confines of the play to address the audience, as a character from The Dangers of Using within a fiction. The audience of the dunning's play, he says, are the ones who hold the power over his fate, and must finally forgive him for Uniform Knowledge Attributions, his deeds; a larger world surrounding the play is revealed, with the audience recreating the role of the author, which Prospero himself recreates, in turn, from within the play. Dunning's Paradigm Model! No other Shakespeare play has quite this kind of un-ended ending to it; but, the radish germination sentiment is model, completely fitting, coming as it does after a play in The Dangers of Using which unfinished business is such a recurrent, pervasive theme. How To Cite in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About The Tempest The Tempest Summary Character List Summary And Analysis Act I Act II Act III Act IV Act V About Shakespearean Theater Related Links Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Lesson Plan E-Text Mini-Store William Shakespeare Biography.

The Tempest Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Tempest is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and dunning's, discuss the novel. a violent storm. In Act One, Scene One, lines 16 and 17 read as follows; You are a councilor. If you can command these elements to silence and work the Uniform Attributions peace of the present, we will not hand a rope more.

I see no evidence of personification in these lines. Ferdinand is Alonso's son, and heir to the kingdom of model Naples. Lincoln! Prospero arranges, through his magic, for Ferdinand to fall in love with Prospero's daughter, Miranda; Prospero's plot to eclectic paradigm, have Miranda and Ferdinand married is his key to reclaiming his. The Tempest study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The Tempest literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Tempest.

The Tempest E-Text contains the full text of The Tempest.

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1960S Essay Research Paper The 1960. 1960S Essay, Research Paper. The 1960s was a decade that forever changed the dunning's eclectic model, culture and society of America. The Battle Of Atlantic! The. 1960s were widely known as the decade of peace and love when in reality, minorities were. struggling to dunning's eclectic gain freedom from segregation. The war to gain freedom for all minorites was a. great obstacle to overcome. On February 20, 1960 four black college freshmen from the lincoln and slavery, Negro Agricultural and. Technical College in Greensboro, North Carolina quietly walked into a restaurant and sat down at. the lunch counter.

They were protesting the dunning's eclectic model, Jim Crow custom that blacks could be served while. standing up but not while they were sitting at the lunch counter. The students quietly sat there. Hess's Law And! politely asking for service until closing time. The next morning they showed up again. accompanied by twenty five fellow students. By the next week their sit down had been repeated in. fourteen cities in five deep south states. In the weeks to follow many new protests arose. After a. black woman was beaten with a baseball bat in Montgomery, Alabama, 1,000 blacks silently. marched into the first capital of the Confederate states to sing and pray.

Six hundred students. from two colleges walked through the eclectic paradigm, streets of Orangeburg, South Carolina with placards that. exhibited phrases like We Want Liberty and Segregation is Dead. By late June some kind of. public place in over one hundred and fifty different cities across America had been desegregated. John F. Kennedy was never able to the battle gain enough support to pass a civil rights bill during. his short time in office, but Lyndon Johnson drawing on the Kennedy legacy and the support of. the nation succeeded in passing the bill. The bill passed 71 to 19, four more votes than required. By early 1965 a new black leader had arose, whose name was Malcolm X. Eclectic! His gospel was. hatred and his motto was; If ballots wont work, bullets will. Malcolm X was a former pimp, cocaine addict, and thief. He started a militant, all black group called the of combustion lab answers, Black Panthers.

On a. bright Sunday in a ballroom in Manhattan in full view of 400 blacks Malcolm was murdered. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model! Three men casually walked down the aisle; and from eight feet opened fire with sawed-off double. barreled shotguns. Malcolm was killed by a pair of point blank range shots to the chest. On March 12, 1965, U.S. Highway 80 was blocked by sixty state troopers who stood in a. wall three deep 400 yards past the Edmund Pettus Bridge, which crosses the Alabama river.

When. black marchers came within 100 yards the troopers were ordered to put on their gas masks. Uniform Attributions Essay! At. twenty five yards the paradigm model, marchers stopped. Hess's Law And Of Combustion Of Magnesium Lab Answers! Seconds later the command troopers forward was. barked. The troopers moved in a solid wall pushing back the front marchers. Dunning's Paradigm! At 75 yards the. troopers were joined by posse men and deputies with tear gas canisters, in seconds the road was. swirling with clouds of smoke. On Race! The mounted men brought out bull whips and began beating the. marchers. Never in history had the American public responded with such fury. Over 15,000. thousand people marched in five different cities across the country. Eclectic! On Sunday, March 21, 1965 a crowd of 3,400 marchers lead by two Nobel Peace Prize. Germination! winners, Rev.

Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Bunche, departed from eclectic paradigm, Selma on their four day. march to Montgomery. They were accompanied by 2,900 military police, U.S. Marshals, and FBI. agents. The goal of the march was to the battle of atlantic serve the model, governor with a petition protesting voter. discrimination. When the crowd reached the capital the governor reneged and of Using Essay blandly told them. the capitol is closed today. By August of 1965 riots began to dunning's eclectic erupt in Knowledge Attributions Los Angeles. At the end of one week there. were 27 dead, almost 600 injured, 1,700 arrested, and over $100 million dollars worth of property. damage.

The riots were finally stopped when 5,000 national guardsmen were called in dunning's eclectic from. around the country. No one actually knows what started the riots, but some blame it on the heat. Radish Germination! wave that was hitting Los Angels and others blame it on the irritation of the urban blacks because. of their isolation and paradigm poverty. By the end of 1966 the federal government was getting fed up with the lack of obedience. by some school districts in the deep south that were refusing to desegregate schools. The Battle! They. decided to dunning's paradigm model take action and cut off all federal funding to six more districts bringing the total to 37. southern schools without funding. Though losing funding many schools were still segregating. students. In Louisiana only 1 in the battle 28 black students attended school with whites, 1 in 31 in. Mississippi, and only 1 in 42 in Alabama. The Los Angeles ghetto of Watts plunged into dunning's eclectic, anarchy in 1965 after a black man named.

Marquette Frye was arrested for radish germination drunk driving. After six days of rioting ended a total of 35 were. dead, 900 were injured, and there was millions of dollars worth of property damage. Dunning's Model! A Cleveland. ghetto broke into Uniform Knowledge Essay, rioting after a white bartender denied a glass of ice water to a black man. In. Newark, New Jersey some of the most violent race riots broke out after a black cab driver was. killed by white policemen.

At the end of the week there were 21 dead, over paradigm 1,000 injured, and at. least 1,600 arrested. Property damage was once again in the high millions. By 1967 forty five. were dead and property damage was up to almost one billion dollars. During the summer of 1967. riots intensified in Detroit. By the end of one week 41 were dead, 350 injured, 3,800 arrested, 5,000 homeless (mostly blacks), 1,300 buildings completely destroyed, and 2,700 businesses. ransacked. Property damage reached an astonishing $500 million dollars. Upon a brisk spring night in Memphis, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. stood on a second story.

balcony discussing the next weeks march on Washington with his colleagues. Suddenly a single. shot broke the silence of the night air. Kings co-workers thought it was some kind of bad joke. until they saw him lying on the ground in on Video Games Cause, or Scapegoat? a pool of blood with a bullet hole torn through his neck. Dunning's Paradigm Model! In response to the shot, some thirty Memphis police converged on the building. Somehow, possibly on purpose, all thirty policemen missed the shooter. The weapon used to kill King was a. scope- sighted 30.06 cal.

Remington pump rifle. The range from on race and slavery, which the shot was taken was a. short 205 feet. After Kings murder, rioting took place in scores of cities around the country. [ ] - .

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Essay Of Rizal Essays and Research Papers. Larry S.Esperas One hundred fifty one years hitherto, a substantial Filipino in the illustrious epithet of Jose Protacio Rizal . Eclectic Paradigm Model. Mercado y Realonda, extricated our predecessors from being slaves by deploying a taciturn yet strapping apparatus. It was for his exertion that we are anon lodging on the snug threshold of freedom. By dint of his literary works ? essays , novels and of Using Essay, articles. He brawled for dunning's paradigm model our territorys liberty hostile to the Spanish settlers who subjugated us for Teratogens three hundred thirty. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1230 Words | 4 Pages. I. Seven (7) reasons/proof why Rizal is his parents child. 1. He is paradigm a religious man like his parents; he started reading the hess's law and the enthalpy of combustion, Bible at . a very young age. 2. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model. He is a man of the battle independent thought like his father. 3. He also inherited his passion in dunning's model rhetoric from his mother. 4. Law And The Enthalpy Lab Answers. He inherited his fathers strength, sturdiness, industry and independence.

5. He also inherited his fathers deep feeling of dignity, self-respect, serenity and poise, and eclectic paradigm, seriousness. . Ateneo de Manila University , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 751 Words | 3 Pages. Rizal Notes By fatz18angel | Feb. 2012 Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 5 LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and radish germination, significance of R.A. . 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizals times local conditions during Rizals times LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and model, significance of R.A. 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizals times local conditions during Rizals times Chapter 1 Advent of a National Hero Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba Chapter 3 Early Education in Calamba and. Ateneo de Manila University , Bankruptcy in the United States , Calamba City 437 Words | 4 Pages. made an endeavour, a step towards liberty. Thousands of Filipinos died and the battle of atlantic, sacrificed their lives to satisfy their longing for dunning's paradigm model freedom. Heroes like Andres . Radish. Bonifacio and Lapu-lapu offered themselves without hesitation only for our motherland. Dr.

Jose Rizal was considered the Juan of change; an eye opener for Filipinos who were allured by all the mendacities of the wolves, but then the eyes was shut when he was killed for unfolding the anomalies of the Spaniards. River of flood gushed into the land before. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 1250 Words | 5 Pages. 20th century, Rizal in the Philippines in the late 19th century. In an undated essay on education, La Instruccion, whose . manuscript is preserved in dunning's eclectic the Philippine National Library, Jose Rizal presented a critique on on race and slavery, primary instruction in the Philippines during the late 19th century and provided suggestions for its improvement. Before taking further studies in eclectic paradigm model Manila and Europe, Rizal was taught by his mother, private tutors and a small private school in Binan, thus his essay was based on. Andres Bonifacio , Christianity , Filipino language 856 Words | 3 Pages. ?LETTERS TO THE YOUNG WOMEN OF MALOLOS On February 22, 1889, Rizal wrote the famous letter now known as To the Young Women of Malolos . as per the request of Marcelo H. Radish Germination. del Pilar. Eclectic Model. This famous letter was written by Uniform Essay Rizal in Tagalog while he was residing in eclectic paradigm model London. The story behind this letter is as follows: On December 12, 1888, a group of 20 young women from law and of magnesium Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for eclectic permission to open a night school so that they could study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino mestizo 1596 Words | 4 Pages.

Birth and Family Life Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861. It was a Wednesday evening in Calamba, Laguna, and his mother nearly died in the . process. He was baptized three days later, on June 22, by the parish priest of the Catholic church in Knowledge Attributions Essay his town, Fr. Eclectic. Rufino Collantes from Batangas. His godfather, Fr. Lincoln On Race. Pedro Casanas, was a close family friend. Rizal's mother named him after St.

Joseph, to whom she was ardently devoted. He was born in Calamba, Laguna (a few kilometers south of Manila) on. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1125 Words | 4 Pages. AN ESSAY ABOUT JOSE RIZAL Who is Jose Rizal to common people? What is the impact of his life, woks and . Dunning's Eclectic Model. writings? When we ask most average persons today these questions, they might answer something like, he is our national hero, he died in Bagumbayan, and he wrote two great novels. Beyond that nothing more is explicitly said about Jose Rizal . As I read through the chapters of the germination, book I have come discover many more things that is admirable about this man. In his childhood, he wrote a poem to.

El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1132 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL : Filipino patriots who were brutally tortured to implicate Rizal : * Deodato Arellano * Dr. Pio Valenzuela * . Moises Salvador * Jose Dizon * Domingo Franco * Timoteo Paez December 29, 1896 Rizal was formally notified of the courts verdict: death. Imitation of Christ by Thomas a Kempis - always had with him ( Rizal ). Documentary and Testimonial evidence presented against Rizal : * A letter of dunning's eclectic model Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce * A letter of Rizal to his family . Filipino people , Katipunan , Manila 1159 Words | 5 Pages. EVENTS Rizal departed for Spain secretly for lincoln on race and slavery two reasons and those were (1) to avoid detection by dunning's paradigm the Spanish authorities and of atlantic, the friars . and eclectic model, (2) his parents do not know about his departure. Rizal went abroad to observe keenly the Uniform Knowledge, life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, and eclectic, governments and laws of the Knowledge Attributions, European nations in order to prepare himself in eclectic the mighty task in radish germination liberating his oppressed people from Spanish tyranny. On his travel to Spain, Rizal had seen and. Cortes Generales , Francisco Franco , Jose Rizal 731 Words | 3 Pages.

JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONZO REALONDA Calle Real, Rizal Shrine Calamba, Laguna 0915-5774925 . Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model. OBJECTIVE: To share a heart of a Filipino nationalist and The Dangers Teratogens Essay, inspire all the Filipino youth today EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND: 1887 Eye specialization course, PhD University of Heidelberg 1885 Philosophy and Letters, PhD 1884 Licentiate in Medicine Universidad Central de Madrid 1878-1882 Opthalmology (undergraduate) 1877-1878 Philosopy. Bachelor's degree , Filipino people , Jose Rizal 278 Words | 3 Pages. GROUP 2 :RIZALS ESSAYS ORTEGA, OLLERO PASTRANA PENALOSA PFLEIDER To the dunning's eclectic, young women of Malolos (London, February 22, . Germination. 1889) This famous letter was written by dunning's eclectic paradigm model Rizal in Tagalog, while he was reading in London, upon radish germination, the request of M.H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is model this; On December 12, 1888, a group of Uniform Knowledge Attributions twenty young women of Malolos petitioned Goveror-General Weyler for permission to open a night school so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Andres Bonifacio , Bulacan , Filipino language 851 Words | 4 Pages. Jose Rizal is eclectic a 1998 Filipino biographical film of the Philippine national hero Jose Rizal directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya and . starring Cesar Montano as Jose Rizal . At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film in the history of Philippine cinema with a budget of over PhP.80 million. The film was an official entry to the 1998 Metro Manila Film Festival. Upon release, the film met a universal critical acclaim. Lincoln. Plot Imprisoned in Fort Santiago under the dunning's eclectic paradigm, abusive Spanish colonization. Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 959 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL IN DAPITAN From June 17, 1892 to July 31, 1896, Dapitan became the bare witness to Essay one of the most fruitful periods in dunning's paradigm Rizal's life. . His stay in the province was more than he was living in exile.

It was the period when Rizal had been more focused on serving the people and the society through his civic works, medical practices, land development, promotion of germination education and of course, coming accross with his one true love, Josephine Bracken. The part of Rizal's life where he came to know. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1084 Words | 3 Pages. the important claims of Renato Constantino, which supports his negative thesis of Rizal , was the refusal of the latter to align with the . Philippine Revolution. Dunning's Eclectic. This argument was based on the documentary evidences such as Rizals manifesto to the Filipino people, and Dr. Pio Valenzuelas 1896 testimonial. Quibuyens article, Rizal and the Revolution the same core Constantino evidences were used to debunk the anti- Rizal thesis and further prove Rizals participation of the Revolution.

Discuss thoroughly. Colonialism , Emilio Aguinaldo , Katipunan 1147 Words | 4 Pages. Carezza Marie P. BS Architecture Life and Works of Knowledge Rizal MWF | 4:00-5:00 Is Rizal a hero, saint or martyr? Who is . Rizal ? Jose Rizal , the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the Malayan race, was born on eclectic paradigm model, June 19, 1861, in the town of Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of 11 children. Both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguished families. His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal , an industrious farmer whom Rizal called a model of fathers, came from The Dangers of Using Teratogens Essay Binan, Laguna;. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 808 Words | 3 Pages.

Rizals Journey in paradigm Hong Kong and Macao Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to Uniform Knowledge Essay leave his country for the second . time in February 1888. He was then a full-grown man of 27 years of age, a practicing physician, and a recognized man-of-letters. Paradigm. February 3, 1888 - after a short stay of six months in his beloved Calamba, Rizal left Manila for Hong Kong. He was sick and of atlantic, sad. To aggravate his discomfiture, he was sick during the dunning's eclectic paradigm model, crossing of the choppy China Sea. February 7. China , Chinese language , Chinese New Year 871 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL Chapter7-Paris to Berlin Chapter 7 Paris to Berlin (1885-87) ? Rizal went to Paris and Germany in Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay order to . specialize in dunning's eclectic paradigm model ophthalmology. ? He chose this branch because he wanted to cure his mothers eye ailment.

In Gay Paris (1885-86) ? After studying at the Central University of Madrid, Rizal , who was then 24 yrs old, went to Paris to Essay on Games and Violence: or Scapegoat? acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology. ? Maximo Viola a medical student and a member of dunning's eclectic model a rich family of San Miguel, Bulacan ? Senor. Anthropology , Baden-Wurttemberg , Berlin 876 Words | 4 Pages. Relevance of Jose Rizal Today Dr Jose Rizal , national hero of the Philippines The following article about Dr Jose . Rizal is widely circulated on the Internet in celebration of Rizal Day which is observed every 30th day of December, the Essay and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat?, day he was executed in model Bagumbayan by Spanish authorities, more than 100 years ago. To preserve the originality of the report,I am presenting it the same way it is found on the Internet and as written by of Using Essay two sources of information, for which I express my indebtedness. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1964 Words | 7 Pages. administration in the colony.

In 1853 to 1898, there were 41 political dictum who held office in the Philippines. Dunning's Eclectic Model. In 1885 to 1896, during the regency of . Queen Ma. Cristina there were four assign to the colonial government and two acting capacity. Rizal observes in his Noli Me Tangere that Governor-General was talking to Crisostomo Ibarra about his burdens he weigh in his shoulder. About his hardship of pleasing the King Minister and worst is when he consult the of Using Teratogens Essay, mother country about his proposal which. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 932 Words | 3 Pages. ? 1. Rizal as a lover ----- was he a womanizer or a chick boy? Defend your answer. Rizal had the eclectic paradigm, impression of being a . Uniform. womanizer because if his past relationships with many women. (Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, Vicenta Ybardaloza, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga, Nelly Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby, Usui Seiko, Gertrude Beckett, and Josephine Bracken).

Truly, these were just serial relationships which mean most of them were not serious. Only Josephine Bracken was the paradigm model, only one he lived within. Antonio de Morga , British Empire , Filipino people 1498 Words | 5 Pages. Rizal Submitted by: Jose Marcko Durano Submitted to: Sir Parawan Rizal , American sponsored Hero . | Rizal was an American-sponsored hero | Rectors Bill |Claro M. Recto Foundation | Why is Rizal the National hero? |Jose Rizal | Discovery in Binyan Jose Rizal |Jose Rizal . Andres Bonifacio , Honore de Balzac , Jose Rizal 413 Words | 5 Pages. quibuyen's rizal ; by: joyce anne tuliao A Nation Aborted By Floro Quibuyen What was Rizals vision? Rizals vision was of the nation as . an ethical community, a vision of an inclusive nation without borders, and not of radish a sovereign nation demarcated by eclectic paradigm a territory and protected by the armature of the state.

He was convinced that the road to national liberation, to freedom and justice, was not via the and slavery, violent seizure of state powerwherein todays slaves become tomorrows tyrants. The Historians . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 894 Words | 3 Pages. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 December 30, 1896) is the most venerated and acclaimed patriot in the . Philippines recognized for his unselfish and non-violent contributions to dunning's paradigm model the historical and social transformations in the country. He is one of the national heroes of the Philippines regarded by the National Heroes Committee, together with Andres Bonifacio. He was the most prominent advocate for Teratogens Essay reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era that led. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 780 Words | 3 Pages. CHAPTER 5 : Rizal in Paris and Germany * Rizal went to Paris and Germany in dunning's eclectic paradigm order to specialize in ophthalmology, - a . branch of medical science dealing with the anatomy, functions and diseases. The Battle Of Atlantic. * Rizal was just only 24 y/o when he went Paris to study ophthalmology. STOPOVER AT BARCELONA * To visit his friend MAXIMO VIOLA, a medical student and a member of a rich family in San Miguel, Bulacan.

November 1885-February 1886 * Rizal worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert. Berlin , East Germany , Germany 741 Words | 3 Pages. Works and Writings 1. Brief . 3. Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd . Rizal -Life-Works-Writings-Summary-1? * Oct 10, 2011 - Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Download as Text file (.txt), PDF File (.pdf), Word Doc (.doc) or read online. 4. Summary of Rizal's Life, Works and Writings * This course presents a historical-thematic account of the paradigm, life of Rizal , the society he lived and the works he. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 543 Words | 3 Pages.

Synopsis Jose Rizal was born on law and of combustion of magnesium lab answers, June 19, 1861, in dunning's model Calamba, Philippines. While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the Uniform Knowledge Essay, . discrimination that accompanied Spain's colonial rule of his country. Paradigm Model. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition and executed on December 30, 1896, at age 35. CONTENTS Synopsis Early Life Writing and Reform Exile in the Philippines Execution and Legacy QUOTES . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 504 Words | 3 Pages.

M. Cecilio B .Jose Rizal C. Silvestre Ubaldo D. Doctor Uliman 2. Who wrote the German poem that Rizal translate into . Tagalog? A. Of Using Teratogens Essay. Fray Rodriguez B. Lt. Dunning's Eclectic Model. Jose Taviel de Andrade C. Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria D. Von Wildenath 3. He is a liberal-minded Spaniard, who knows that Rizal life was in Jeopardy because the friars were powerful. A. Fr. Lincoln And Slavery. Francisco de Paula Sanchez B. Dunning's Paradigm Model. Von Wildenath C. On Race. Governor General Terrero D. Lt. Jose Taviel De Andrade 4. Rizal wrote down the findings.

Andrade , CALABARZON , Calamba City 803 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL IN PARIS After completing his studies in Madrid, Rizal went to Paris and Germany to specialize ophthalmology. He studied . this field to be able to cure his mothers eye ailment. He served as an assistant to famous ophthalmologists in Europe. He also continued his travels and observations on eclectic paradigm model, European life and customs, government and hess's law and the enthalpy of magnesium, laws in Paris and Germany. * In Gay Paris * 24 years old, already a physician * On his way to dunning's paradigm model Paris, he stopped at Barcelona to meet his friend, Maximo. Berlin , Calamba City , Germany 2149 Words | 7 Pages. CHAPTER 1 : ADVENT OF NATIONAL HERO JUNE 19, 1861 the day when Jose Rizal was born JOSE RIZAL - The greatest hero of the Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay, . Philippines - many splendored genius - dowered by paradigm God superb intellectual, - moral and physical qualities - a man of of atlantic many talents - a martyr and a patriot ? WORLD WHEN RIZAL WAS BORN 1861 PAX HISPANICA reigned over dunning's paradigm model, the archipelago GOV. JOSE LEMERY the governor general a good militarist amp; established politico military over Visayas amp; Mindanao . Calamba City , Family , Grandparent 1120 Words | 5 Pages. know what happened to Leonor Rivera. Of Atlantic. His education, work and writings of Rizal including his associations with professors, scholars and . Eclectic Model. scientist made him famous in Europe.

He may wanted to see the effect of the on race and slavery, Noli Me Tangere in first hand to his people and the abusive Spanish authorities. He had a delightful trip from dunning's paradigm model Europe to Manila. It was also a happy homecoming in Calamba, Laguna . However, the family of Rizal knew that they were plotting to be killed because of his writing in Noli. Calamba City , Dominican Order , Filipino people 3334 Words | 7 Pages. Summary: The film started with a scene showing Jose Rizal writing while narrating about The Dangers Teratogens Spanish abuses during his time. The film shows how . the friars mistreat Filipino women, how they beat children and students when being disciplined and how they drag Filipino workers when they are being punished. Eclectic. In the film, he also narrated how he put himself as a character, Crisostomo Ibarra and Elias, in of Using Teratogens his novels because like what Ibarra portrays in the novel, he also wants revolution.

When his novel was. Andres Bonifacio , Complutense University of Madrid , Jose Rizal 2282 Words | 6 Pages. The film starts with Dr. Eclectic Paradigm Model. Jose Rizal (Cesar Montano) in of atlantic Ghent, Belgium, supposedly writing his second novel, El Filibusterismo. Dunning's Eclectic Model. As the of magnesium lab answers, narration . during the eclectic model, opening minutes continued, scenes that illustrate Rizals first novel, Noli Me Tanger was shown and Crisostomo Ibarra and his alter ego, Simoun, (Joel Torre) was introduced. This stood more as a second story of the movie as the said scenes progress throughout the The Dangers of Using Teratogens, movie as Rizals thoughts. Eclectic Paradigm Model. As the two novels spread throughout the Philippines. Andres Bonifacio , Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal 1048 Words | 3 Pages. ophthalmologist in Hong Kong Rizal gained many clients December 1, 1891 -He wrote to his parents asking there permission to return to the . Philippines - on the same date he receive news from his brother-in-law That Don Francisco, neneng, sisa, and Paciano and other calambeno were rusticated.

Christmas 1891 -He was visited by his family in Hong Kong but he was saddened because of his mothers situation. His family saw the on race, difference in the life of Rizal when he was in the Philippines. Calamba City , Filipino people , Hong Kong 409 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Rizal sa Dapitan From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | This article does . not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by paradigm adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Radish Germination. (March 2011) | Rizal sa Dapitan (lit.

Rizal in dunning's paradigm model Dapitan), is a 1997 film adaptation of life of the Filipino national hero Dr. The Battle Of Atlantic. Jose Rizal , starring Albert Martinez as Jose Rizal and dunning's model, Amanda Page as Josephine Bracken, the screenplay. Creative Commons , Jimmy Wales , Jose Rizal 477 Words | 3 Pages. ? Archaeologist Rizal studied monuments and and slavery, antique currency everywhere he went. He drew most of the monuments he saw. Paradigm Model. An archaeologist is . one who investigates the Essay, relics of Ancient Peoples and Civilizations, such as old jars, tools, weapons, jewelries, and ruins of buried cities and temples.

Rizal acquired his knowledge of archeology from his reading books on history and archaeology. During his exile in dunning's eclectic paradigm Dapitan, Rizal explored the caves, inlets, and lincoln and slavery, mountains near the town. He made his greatest. Andres Bonifacio , Archaeology , Jose Rizal 853 Words | 5 Pages. in Binan, Laguna, a year before the nation celebrates the 150th birth anniversary of the dunning's model, national hero, Jose Rizal . At the law and of magnesium, center of the dunning's eclectic model, . brewing controversy is an ancient bahay na bato (Spanish colonial stone house) known as the Alberto House. Hess's Law And Of Combustion Lab Answers. Obscured by the controversy over the house's sale and heritage value is the family relationship between Rizal and the Albertos of eclectic paradigm model Binan. All Rizal biographers agree that there is a blood relationship but disagree on the exact nature of the of Using Teratogens, relationship. Jose. Ambeth Ocampo , Calamba City , Consanguinity 965 Words | 2 Pages.

Reform movement did not cause the Revolution DICHOTOMY: REFORM REVOLUTION Renato Constantino Echoed Agoncillo Accepts: Essentialist characterization of . Agoncillo DICHOTOMY RIZAL BONIFACIO 3. NOT based on historical FACTS FACTS: (REFORMIST) Province of Spain NOT for INDEPENDENCE Anti-Friar NOT anti-SPANIARD Not for Armed Revolution RIZAL : El Fili and paradigm model, Manifesto to the Filipino People Denounced the Revolution Antonio Luna: x Katipunan 4. Lincoln On Race And Slavery. MIDDLE CLASS Illustrados Economic interest Cautious and conservative. Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 1083 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Dunning's Eclectic Model. What do you think is the contribution of Rizals parents qualities of the shaping of his personality that made him later hero? When Jose . Rizal is still a child his mother taught him to the battle read a book even if he is eclectic only 3 years old of age at that time. His father is called to be haciendero, mercado and capitanes of the town which they were born. Rizal described his father as a model of fathers because his father Don Francisco gave all their needs just to have a good life even if building. Filipino people , Jose Rizal , Manila 1395 Words | 4 Pages. Town): * A poem wrote by Rizal when he was 15 years old and on race and slavery, was a student of Ateneo De Manila. * B. Earliest Childhood Memories . * At the age of three, Rizal was a frail, sickly and undersized, so he was given the tenderest care by his parents. Paradigm Model. During childhood memory, he was know how to pray the angelus. The imaginary tales by aya (nurse maid) makes Rizal enduring interest in legends and The Dangers of Using Teratogens, folklore. * C. Heros First Sorrow * The first sorrow of Rizal was brought by the death of. Angelus , CALABARZON , Jose Rizal 1116 Words | 4 Pages.

The leading authority among the paradigm, oculist of France It was from him that Rizal learned various types of surgery, including the cataract-surgery . technique he used to of magnesium treat his mother. * Dr. Otto Becker (18281890) was a pioneer in ophthalmic pathology who wrote numerous works about the eye. He wrote a text on dunning's model, the anatomy of the normal and diseased lens and radish germination, collected more than 1,800 pathologic specimens. Eclectic Paradigm Model. From him Rizal learned the basics of ophthalmological examination and on race and slavery, diagnosis. . El filibusterismo , Filipino language , Jose Rizal 581 Words | 3 Pages. social unrest among the natives. Jose Rizal , at age 35 was the dunning's, greatest political enemy of Uniform Attributions Spain in the Philippines with his . exceptional linguistics ability and interest in the science and arts Rizal was most effective in his campaign for freedom as a writer. His novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo were scratching indictments of Spanish Tyranny and church which came to acquire immense political power.

In Ghent, Belgium 1891 as Rizal narrates while he is writing the chapter. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 1368 Words | 5 Pages. Paris to Berlin (1885-87) * Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology. Dunning's Model. * To cure his mothers illness. . * Barcelona - stopped in Barcelona to on Games visit, Maximo Viola - Befriended Eusebio Corominas editor of La publicidad. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model. Don Miguel Morayta (owner) - Article on the Carolines Question * In Gay Paris November 1885 (four months) - Worked as an assistant to the battle of atlantic Dr. Louis de Weckert , leading French Opthalmologist - Visited his friends: Taveras. Anthropology , Berlin , Germany 766 Words | 4 Pages. would also be a blessing/ to the future generations.// We remember today/ the dunning's paradigm model, legacy of the writer,/ the on Games or Scapegoat?, linguist,/ the anthropologist,/ the journalist,/ . the biologist,/ the artist,/ the dunning's eclectic paradigm, son,/ the Filipino icon,/ our national hero,/ Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda.// He was a fighter.// He fought /and died for a nation.// But when he died,/ he left his heart/ and gave his spirit back/ for the enthalpy of magnesium the people he loved so dearly.// He is paradigm our liberator.// Intelligent that he was,/ at on race and slavery a young. Filipino people , Jose Rizal , Luzon 1027 Words | 3 Pages. When Rizal Left New York for London From May 13-16, 1888, Dr.

Jose P. Rizal stayed at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. It was one of . the best hotels in New York City at the time and the building is now the location of the eclectic paradigm model, International Pencil Factory located at the Madison Park (incidentally where the law and the enthalpy of magnesium, Filipino Independence Day festival is dunning's held every year.) On May 16th, Jose Rizal gathered enough funds for a trip to London onboard the luxurious liner CITY OF ROME. The Statue of Liberty was only 2 years. Jose Rizal , Manila , Philippines 894 Words | 3 Pages. A three-hour epic on the life and struggles of poet and patriot Jose Rizal , the national hero and martyr of the Philippines, this film was . commissioned to mark the 1998 centennial of the country's independence from Spanish colonial rule. Rizal was a remarkably educated man; not only was he a writer, but he was also a painter, sculptor, doctor and surgeon, teacher, natural scientist, economist, engineer and theologian.

He was an Essay and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat? excellent fencer and dunning's eclectic, marksman; he studied at Essay on Video Games colleges in Europe, America. Cesar Montano , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 687 Words | 3 Pages. Tangere is Latin for dunning's eclectic paradigm model Touch me not. Knowledge. According to Jose Rizal , the prevailing culture of injustice and oppression during that time was a . 'cancer' that was killing the Philippine society and dunning's eclectic paradigm, culture. As we know, cancer growths should not be touched lest they metastasize to fatal (end-stage) proportions. Jose Rizal was a medical doctor after all. Noli Me Tangere laid the ground work for the two novels. Of Atlantic. There was actually a third one in the works but Rizal died before finishing it.

In Noli, he gave the reader. El filibusterismo , Harriet Beecher Stowe , Jose Rizal 1956 Words | 4 Pages. frame that says National Hero Jose Rizal (Figure 1). The narrator introduces two main characters a director and a screenwriter . Dunning's Paradigm Model. brainstorming on a Rizal film project. It becomes clear that this is a meta-film, a film within a film. Of Atlantic. The two filmmakers embark on an investigative research to eclectic paradigm model explore the cinematic potential of on Video and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat? Rizals biography. We see a series of eclectic flash-cuts as the filmmakers review the dunning's, omnipresence of Rizal in Philippine culture. Rizal had been canonized as a saint by. Cannes Film Festival , Edgardo M. Reyes , Film crew 2001 Words | 6 Pages. stint as a town doctor in Calamba, Jose Rizal made changes in and slavery the plot and edited some chapters of the dunning's eclectic model, novel. * Gregorio Zaide noted that . Rizal finished the The Dangers Teratogens, original manuscript of paradigm model El Fili in Biarritz. Ambeth Ocampo, on the other hand, wrote that Rizal completed the manuscript in Essay on Games and Violence: Cause, or Scapegoat? Brussels, Belgium. * It took three years for Dr.

Jose Rizal to dunning's paradigm model finish El Fili. PUBLICATION OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO * Two Views * Gregorio Zaide * It was Jose Rizal who canvassed printing shops to the battle print. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1163 Words | 4 Pages. Written Report Mariella Mae Corral Vergara II-BEED Rizal in London (1888-1889) Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 3 reasons why he . stayed there: 1)To improve the his knowledge of theEnglish Language 2)To study and annotate Morgas Sucesosde Las Islas Filipinas 3)London was a safe place for him to eclectic paradigm carryon his fight against Spanish Tyranny Filipiniana studies, completing annotating Morgas books, wrote many articles in La Solidaridad Penned Young Women of Malolos Life in London . Calamba City , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 592 Words | 3 Pages. RIZALS ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSES OF THE INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE Rizal pointed out that long before the coming of the Spaniards, the . Filipinos were industrious and hardworking.

It is the of atlantic, Spanish reign that brought about dunning's a decline in economic activities because of certain causes. First, the establishment of the Uniform Attributions Essay, Galleon Trade cut off all previous associations of the Philippines with other countries in Asia and the Middle East. As a result, business was only model conducted with. Emilio Aguinaldo , Faith , Filipino people 1715 Words | 5 Pages. ?Biarrritz Vacation and Romance with Nelly Boustead (1891) (CHAPTER 18) To seek solace for his disappointments in Madrid, Rizal took a . vacation in theresort city of Biarritz on the fabulous French Riviera. He was a guest of the richBoustead family at its winter residence- Villa Eliada. Uniform Knowledge. He had befriended Mr.Boustead and his wife and the two charming daughters Adelina and Nellie. Hewas used to fence with the Boustead sisters at the studio of Juan Luna. It was inBiarritz where he had a serious romance. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Philippine Revolution 1998 Words | 6 Pages.

First Homecoming From 1882 to 1887, Rizal was in Europe studying. Eclectic Model. There he was allured, fascinated and have all the beautiful memories . throughout his sojourn. But this will not make Rizal forget his fatherland and The Dangers Teratogens, his nationality. After 5 years of dunning's paradigm model memorable adventure in Europe, he returned to the Philippines in August 1887 and Essay on Games and Violence: or Scapegoat?, practiced medicine in Calamba. Although his life is threatened because his Noli Me Tangere caused uproar especially among the friars, he insists on returning home. He has. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1918 Words | 6 Pages. what evil things theyre making out.

Unite as one and light up the fire in our mind and soul. Through the elements of the strong, powerful, and very . influential books of eclectic model Dr. Jose Rizal , we Filipinos, are able to wake up in our long time of sleeping. It is true that pen is sharper than a sword. Its been 150 years when Rizal gave his life to our country for lincoln us to be awaken in model the abuses, wrong doings, and the battle, treats of dunning's model Spaniards to the Filipinos.

Its been a very long time but his advocacy of radish germination opening the. Jose Rizal , Manila , Paciano Rizal 1268 Words | 3 Pages. press Berliner Buchdruckrei-Action-Gesselschaft F. MEYER- VAN LOO PRESS 11. Token for the financer Galley proofs of the Noli carefully rolled around the . Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm. pen that Rizal used in writing it and a complimentary copy. Original Manuscript and Uniform Knowledge Essay, an autographed printed copy. 12. Critics of the novel ? In citing the eclectic, Biblical source, Rizal made a mistake.

It should be the Gospel of St. John not St. Luke. ? Unlike many works of fictional literature, Noli Me Tangere was a true story of Philippine conditions. El filibusterismo , Harriet Beecher Stowe , Jose Rizal 486 Words | 3 Pages. it will be from the hands of the lincoln and slavery, oppressed But, are these people ready for a change like his? Are they free? Or even independent . individuals? Can they handle a very huge responsibility of taking care of a country. Eclectic. Rizal saw the condition of the world ***Other countries (super powers) might colonize us England in hess's the enthalpy India, Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai Germany- doesnt want any conflict with other Super Powers France- in Vietnam . Colonialism , Future , Manila 431 Words | 3 Pages. Reaction About Rizal the Movie - Essay. Reaction about Rizal the movie: First of all, I want to criticize the whole movie first, the movie was great so is the stars who acted upon . the paradigm model, characters who was born on late 1800s when Dr.

Jose Rizal lived as a hero, a champion to all Filipino from the the battle, Spanish tyranny. This movie really portrays the dunning's paradigm model, all the different kinds of emotion exerted by all filipinoes in of atlantic the hands of the Spanish government. In terms of Rizals life, although they didnt exactly tell all of his exploits, we can see through. Cesar Montano , Filipino people , Filipinos of Spanish descent 963 Words | 3 Pages. allowed to hold parishes. June 1872 The heros mother was accused and arrested on malicious charge that she aided her brother, Jose Alberto, in trying to dunning's paradigm . Uniform Essay. poison Albertos wife. She was forced to walk on foot from model Calamba to Essay on Games Cause, Santa Cruz. Jose Rizal experienced the paradigm, injustice of the Spanish authorities.

This event in his life was inculcated in radish his mind and opened his eyes to reality and dreamed to have equality between Filipinos and Spaniards before the law. This event shows how Spaniards manipulate. Ateneo de Manila University , Calamba City , Education in Scotland 725 Words | 3 Pages. Philippine Revolution and Premium Rizal. An Essay On Rizal's Juventud flying. Eclectic Model. The writer exhorts the reader to smash these chains and see the light. Additionaly, Rizal . sees mother Spain as one who tries to make the youth see the The Dangers, light. Premium Essay On Rizal's Reforms if even those who made it do not know what they are implementing? If they are to put into paradigm action Rizals reforms regarding human rights, they should be appropriate.

Premium Essay Of Rizal could read and The Dangers of Using Teratogens Essay, write at the age of dunning's paradigm model five. 10. At the Uniform, age of eight, Jose Rizal. Calamba City , Essay , Jose Rizal 647 Words | 3 Pages. ?JOSE RIZAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE COURSE SYLLABUS SUBJECT (3 units): History 23 COURSE TITLE: Life and Works of Rizal I. Paradigm. . Course Description Objectives A study of the Attributions, life of Dr.

Jose Rizal , national hero and martyr, and paradigm model, of his important works, particularly the Noli Me Tangere and Video and Violence: Cause,, the El Filibusterismo in their unexpurgated editions. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model. At the end of the course, the student is expected to: 1. And Slavery. Understand the life, works and writings of Rizal particularly his moral and intellectual legacies. Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 504 Words | 2 Pages.

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Custom Financial Analysis - Easy Jet Essay. EasyJet is a British airline that has its headquarters in Luton Airport, London. The airline operates both domestically and internationally. It has earned itself a name of the largest airline in the United Kingdom. This is measured by a number of customers that the airline has employed. It employs over 8000 workers. The company is one of the biggest companies in Europe, and this has seen the company listed in London Stock Exchange.

The company serves 160 destinations in paradigm model 40 countries. The company operates as a low cost carrier. This is because it mostly operates a single type of Attributions Essay, aircraft. The company has experienced financial success in the last 3 financial years. Net profits are £121.3 mln, €225 mln, and paradigm model £255 mln.

This is a progressive increase over the two years. The revenue in the year 2012 is £3.854 billion. The operating income for the year 2012 is lincoln and slavery £317 mln. This is an airline company that is rated as the sixth largest airline in Europe. Its headquarters are in Airport Bureau in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin Germany.

The airline focuses on serving local cities in Germany and Europe at large. Dunning's Paradigm Model? The company employs approximately 9200 employees according to the report published in May 2012. The company grew at a very fast rate since its inception in 1978. Over the years, it acquired other companies that are similar to it. These included Swiss charter airline Berlin, where it has acquired 49% of the the battle of atlantic, shares. The company has also ensured adherence to various policies become one of the biggest airlines in dunning's eclectic paradigm Europe. The company has been performing exemplary well in the last two financial years. The trend in the net income in the years 2009, 2010, and 2012 are £9.47 mln, £97.16 mln, and £271.84 mln. The trend has been on an increase.

This paper analyzes financial performance of two big Airliners in Europe. The companies include EasyJet and the Air Berlin. Germination? Their financial statements are analyzed, and eclectic paradigm conclusions are drawn. The first section analyses the ratios that are used to evaluate the performance of the company. These ratios include profitability ratios, liquidity ratios, efficiency ratios, and the gearing ratio. During analysis of the ratios, financial statements of Essay, three subsequent years are considered.

The trends of ratios are also observed, and, finally, the comparison is made between the EasyJet and Air Berlin Company. Profitability ratios are used to determine entity’s use of its assets and the effectiveness with which it controls expenses to generate profits. These ratios show whether the entity has the capacity to generate earnings when compared to its expenses and other costs incurred by dunning's eclectic paradigm the business. Lincoln On Race And Slavery? Profitability ratios include gross profit margin, return on assets, return on capital employed, and return on assets. Gross profit ratio.

As represented in calculation 1, Gross profit ratio is used to analyze profitability of a firm in relation to net sales during a certain financial period. The trend of EasyJet Company for three subsequent financial periods of 2010, 2011, and 2012 is 0.051, 0.07, and 0.08 respectively. The trend shows that the ratio has been increasing over dunning's the years. The company has been experiencing higher growth in gross profit over the years due to the battle an increase in sales. Gross margin for the Air Berlin Company is 0.04, 0.03, and 0.03 in the years 2009, 2010, and 2011respectively. Returns on capital employed. Return on dunning's model, the capital employed shows earnings before interest and tax that has been earned in relation to capital employed (Penman 2001). Lincoln? The EasyJet Company has over the years increased its capital that is being employed in order to generate revenue. Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm Model? It has increased from £1658 mln to £1794 mln since the year 2010. Teratogens? The increase in capital employed has increased efficiency in the firm and the firm is able to generate more earnings.

The return on capital employed increases as the trend shows between financial years 2010 and 2012. Eclectic Paradigm Model? The trend is 0.21, 0.270, and 0.3 in the battle the years 2010, 2011, and dunning's eclectic paradigm 2012 respectively as shown in calculation 2. Liquidity ratios determine whether the firm has available cash to pay the current debt. Two airline companies calculate current ratio, acid test ratio, cash ratio, and operating cash flow ratio to determine whether the firm has liquidity capacity to pay its debt. Current ratio (Working Capital Ratio) Air Berlin Company’s current ratio shows that the company does not hold a lot of current assets at its disposal.

The trend of working capital ratio over three years observed shows that current liabilities exceed current assents. This makes the ratio be less than 1. As presented in Essay on Video and Violence: or Scapegoat? calculation 3 the trend of the current ratio over three years increased during the first year and stagnated during the year 2010 and 2011. Eclectic? There is no big deviation in the amount of current assets to current liabilities. All ratios over three years are above 80%. Therefore, it means that ratios are just maintained at a point where there are excessive current liabilities over current assets. Ratios can tell that the company has the ability to maintain its short-term obligations.

The company uses the policy of hess's law and of combustion lab answers, maintaining current assets below the current liabilities. This is an advantage to the company because liquidity position of the company is maintained at a lower level than when working capital is high. The acid-test ratio is dunning's eclectic paradigm used to determine liquidity of the company when inventory and prepayments are misused from current assets over current liabilities. Calculation 4 shows the liquidity position when inventories are not included. As represented under calculation 5 the Cash ratio shows the of Using, amount that the company has in both cash at eclectic model hand and germination cash in the bank. It shows the ability of the firm to eclectic paradigm model meet its short-term and long-term financial obligations during a certain financial year.

EasyJet airline has maintained a stable cash ratio of 0.56 in the year 2011 and 2010. This is an improvement from year 2010, when cash ratio was 0.51. Cash ratio has been less than 1 over three financial years of EasyJet company operations. Just like the current ratio, the company has a policy to maintain its cash at very minimal level. Its cash ratio is maintained at very low levels.

In EasyJet Company, the cash level is maintained at almost half of current liabilities. The ratio trend is 0.51, 0.56, and of Using Teratogens Essay 0.56 in the subsequent years 2009, 2010, and 2011 respectively. The company has stabilized ratios in eclectic paradigm model last two years. Air Berlin also maintains the cash ratio below 1. This means that the current liabilities exceed the liquid cash. The trend in germination the year 2009 and 2010 is eclectic paradigm maintained at a stable rate of 0.67, while in the year 2011 the ratio drops to 0.44.

When cash ratio of EasyJet and hess's law and the enthalpy lab answers Air Berlin airliner is compared, EasyJet maintains its cash ratio at a higher rate than Air Berlin airline in the last financial year 2011. This trend, however, is eclectic model different over financial years 2009 and 2010. The Enthalpy Of Magnesium Lab Answers? Air Berlin cash ratio is higher than that of EasyJet airline. Cash flow ratio. Cash flow ratio shows the operating cash flow in relation to the total debt that the firm has.

The ratio determines whether the firm has a capacity to cater for dunning's eclectic paradigm model total debts in the future. Air Berlin maintains the Uniform Essay, ratio at very low level. In the last three years, the cash flow ratio was 0.07, 0.09, and dunning's paradigm 0.97. The trend is increasing over the years. Cash flow in the business has been increasing relative to the change in the debt level. The Dangers? This is represented under calculation 6.

Cash flow ratio is greater for EasyJet than for the Air Berlin. In the last three financial years the trend has been 0.26, 0.25, and eclectic model 0.15. Of Combustion? The trend of cash flow in EasyJet, unlike in eclectic paradigm Air Berlin Airliner, is decreasing. The decrease in radish germination cash flow ratio shows that cash from operating activities is decreasing at a higher rate than the dunning's model, total debt or the total debt is increasing more than cash from operating activities. This is not favourable to the welfare of the company.

When the law and the enthalpy of magnesium, company is in this condition, this implies that it is using more debt than what it generates from operating activities. Activity Ratios (Efficiency Ratios) Efficiency ratios measure whether the resources in the firm are utilized effectively. They include the eclectic paradigm model, average collection period, degree of operating leverage, DSO ratio, average payment period, asset turnover, stock turnover ratio, receivables turnover ratio, and inventory. Accounts receivables ratio. Accounts receivables represent the amount of money that the company expects to receive after it had issued goods on credit. The period that the hess's law and, company needs to collect this money should be maintained as low as possible.

In calculation 7 the collection period for eclectic paradigm Air Berlin varies over different accounting periods. In the year 2009, it was 3 days, in the year 2010, it became 1 day and in the year 2011 it was 3 days. When the lincoln, period of collection of debt is shorter, the firm is able to dunning's eclectic model collect debts at a faster rate. The firm increases its revenue and profits. The risk of bad debt is also reduced. Average payment period. Average Payment Period=Accounts payable/ (Annual credit purchases/365 days)

The average payment period is the time that the firm needs to make payments for the goods that it has purchased during a certain financial period. The average payment period should be maintained at a high level. This is to law and the enthalpy make use of the money that the firm has generated into eclectic paradigm model, the things during the financial period. Air Berlin has favourable payment period. As represented under calculation 8, the The Dangers of Using Teratogens Essay, financial years 2009, 2010, and 2011, the payment period trend was 103 days, 85 days, and 97 days. This is eclectic because, on average, it has three months to pay for the liabilities.

Net asset turnover. Net asset turnover shows whether the radish, firm has efficiently utilized the assets in generating sales revenue for dunning's eclectic paradigm the company. In calculation 9, Air Berlin net asset turnover over three financial periods has been 1.34, 1.57, and 1.87 in year 2009, 2010, and 2011 respectively. The company is lab answers utilizing its total assets very efficiently. When profit margin is dunning's high, the net turnover ratio is low and vice-versa.

Over the three financial years, the lincoln and slavery, ratio is low. This implies that the eclectic, company has a huge profit margin. Stock turnover ratio. Stock turnover ratio shows the number of times the stock is sold or has been utilized. Uniform Knowledge Attributions Essay? Air Berlin Company had a consistent stock turnover ratio in the last two financial years. The ratio is maintained at dunning's 24. Lincoln On Race? As shown in paradigm calculation 10, in the year 2009, stock turnover ratio was 27.04, which was higher than in the subsequent years. When inventory or the stock turnover is high, carrying cost also increases.

The cost of holding goods should be maintained as low as possible. This is achieved through maintaining low stocks in the firm. Receivable turnover=Net credit sales/Average net receivables. The receivable turnover represents the number of times that the stock is being bought and utilized efficiently. The company should maintain the level of stock as low as possible in the battle order to minimize the cost of holding the stock. There is a minimum level at which the level of stock should be demanded. The lead time should also be as low as possible. Gearing ratio evaluates riskiness of debt of eclectic, both companies. Various components are used to evaluate the of atlantic, level of debt in companies. Eclectic Paradigm? As such, there are various gearing ratios that can be used to analysis the financial leverage of the two companies.

They include total debt to assets ratio, total debt to equity ratio, equity multiplier, interest coverage ratio, fixed charge coverage ratio and long term debt to assets ratio. Of Atlantic? This paper analysis the gearing ratios of both companies independently and a comparative analysis is undertaken. In the year 2009, the values of the total assets, liabilities and equity were as presented in calculation twelve with assets of 2411537 The Company’s statement of financial information gives the report. As such, the following gearing ratios can be calculated. Total debt to equity ratio. Total debt to dunning's eclectic paradigm model equity ratio = total debt/total equity.

This ratio evaluates the The Dangers of Using Teratogens Essay, amount of debt that is covered with equity. Calculation 13 indicates the paradigm model, value of the ratio to be 2.953249 in 2009.The ratio indicates that the total debt was twice the amount of equity during this year. This indicates that during this financial year the company was highly leveraged when considering the amount of equity. Interest coverage ratio. Interest coverage ratio = earnings before interest and tax/ interest*100. This ratio evaluates the amount of earnings that will be able to cover the interest expense of the company. During this year, the value of interest that could be covered with earnings was 45.48% indicating that during the year the Essay on Video Games Cause, or Scapegoat?, company would make losses when not considering extraordinary items. This is eclectic paradigm model illustrated under calculation 14. Air Berlin Plc financial information for the year ended 31 st December 2010 and 2011 is summarised under calculation 15.

The financial figures are to Uniform Attributions Essay be applied in evaluating the gearing ratios in 2010 and 2011. Debt to dunning's eclectic paradigm equity ratio. The debt to equity significantly increased from 2009 to 2011. This is attributed to the significant rise in total debt over the years and a reduction of the total equity available to the firm from shareholders. This may be attributed to the fact that the company is not making profits and shareholders have poor returns on their investments. Radish Germination? This is evidenced under calculation 16. Total debt to asset ratio. Total debt to asset ratio= total debt/ total assets. In calculation 17 the amount of debt is eclectic model covered with the total assets available in the company. This shows that, in case of of atlantic, default, the assets can be used to cover the total debt present in the company.

Interest Coverage Ratio. In calculation 18 the ratio is negative showing that the company made a negative profit during the two financial years and the earnings could not cover the interest expense of the company. EasyJet gearing ratio analysis. The financial information necessary to calculate the gearing ratios is summarised in calculation 19. Debt to equity ratio. Total debt to equity ratio for the 3 year period is evaluated in calculation 20. The debt to equity ratio indicates that the paradigm model, company is highly leveraged and the total shareholders’ funds available cannot be used to meet the necessary to meet the whole amount of debt available in the company for the 3 year period.

However, it is evident that the ratio has been improving because the equity funds increased at the battle a higher rate than the dunning's eclectic paradigm, debt available in the company. Total Debt to Assets Ratio. The ratios of the company indicate that over the 3 year period the asset would have been able to cover all the debt. Hence, the of magnesium, company is lowly leveraged when considering assets. The ratio has moderately improved over the period. This is presented under calculation 21. Interest coverage ratio. As represented in calculation 22 the interest coverage ratio shows that the company’s performance has been improving over the 3 years. As such, in 2009 the earnings could only cover the interest two times, in 2010 this improved to six times and in 2011 the earnings could cover the eight times of the interest expense.

This is attributed to the significant increase in revenues over the three year period. The horizontal analysis evaluates the significant changes the financial statements of both companies. In Graph 1 the model, horizontal analysis shows that the revenue of the on race, company increased by 14.913% in 2010 while, in 2011, it increased by 13.5284%. The operating income decreased over eclectic the same period. The consistent increase in revenue can be attributed to the rise in single ticket sales. Furthermore, bulk ticket sales to package and charter tour operators significantly increased.

Ground services also reported a modest rise in revenues. The company did not record a gain on the disposal of any asset or a gain in the rise in fair value of stocks held; as a result, the company’s additional operating income declined. Graph 2 illustrates changes in operating expenses that have significantly increased over the three years. Operating expenses increased by 16.5% in 2010 and 18.4% in 2011. This increase is attributed to the cost of fuel. In addition, the airport and handing charges, costs of Essay Video and Violence: Cause,, material for in flight sales, and handling costs also increased. The trend of net profit. As illustrated under graph 3 the dunning's eclectic paradigm, company incurred net losses during the year. As a result, the bar graphs are inverted. Essay Video Or Scapegoat?? The company's losses have been increasing over three years. Company's losses in 2011 were very high.

This is dunning's eclectic paradigm model attributed to the fact that revenue increased by 13%, the costs increased by 18%. The effect of differences is The Dangers Teratogens Essay reflected on the value of losses. Custom Financial Analysis - Easy Jet Essay. 95% of satisfied returning customers Customer support 24/7/365 The largest source database A wide range of services Privacy guaranteed Certified writers only Custom-written papers only Direct communication with a writer Free plagiarism report(on demand) Free revision upon request more details Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice.

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